Paragon Kilns International. Paragon Kilns On-Line Shop and Support Centre.
paragon xpress kilns or tumblers at electrictumblers.co.uk   
kilns
more kilns
 
support
 
 
 
 
materials
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
tools
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
extras
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
contact:sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paragon Xpress Q11 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamels, Fusing, Glass, Metal Clays, And Porcelain. Paragon Xpress E14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Metal Clays, And Slumping. Paragon Xpress 1613 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Ceramics, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.
Paragon Xpress E9 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamels, Fusing Glass, And Metal Clays.
Paragon Xpress E10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Glass Fusing, Heat Treating, And Silver Clays.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Glass, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.
Paragon Xpress 1313 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Ceramics, Glass, Porcelain, And Pottery.

Paragon Xpress Kilns For Annealing, Art Clay, Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing, Glass, Heat Treating, Lost Wax Burnout, Silver Clays, PMC, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.

Paragon Xpress kilns are generally used for ceramics, enamelling, annealing, casting, fusing, sagging, and slumping glass, heat treating, lost wax burnout and casting, metal clays, porcelain, pottery, and raku, although they have other applications. They're 1290°C to 925°C kilns with digital programmers, in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. Learn about Paragon Xpress kilns on this page.


There are seventeen four-sided versions, in ascending order of internal size: the Xpress Q11, Q11W, E9, E9W, E10, E10B, E10W, E10BW, E12, E12B, E12W, E12BW, J14, E14, E14B, E14W, and E14BW. They're plug-in, front-opening, table-top kilns with firebrick interiors and Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers. The B versions have bead-annealing doors, the W have windows, and the BW have both.

There are two multi-sided versions, in ascending order of internal size: the seven-sided 1260°C Xpress 1313 and the eight-sided 1290°C Xpress 1613. They're wired-in, top-opening floor-standing kilns with firebrick interiors and Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers.


Prices here are transparent: they're for UK-EU voltage, CE marked, CL CSA approved, and TUV tested kilns, and include a professional shelf kit, comprehensive instructions, UK VAT, and free continuing support from a top-tier international distributor. So you can start work straight away.

For prices, trading terms, and secure on-line shopping, use the shop link below the menu bar near the top-right of any page. The order form is on the shop page, after the price list near the bottom.

Kilns that weigh less than 30kg including the packing only need a regular parcel-service van: delivery is free within the GB-mainland. Kilns that weigh more than 30kg need a tail-lift lorry with a hydraulic pallet trolley. For delivery charges or other locations, check the shop page.

Paragon Xpress Q11 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, And Porcelain. Paragon Xpress E9 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamelling, Jewellery, And Silver Clays.
Paragon Xpress Q11: Ceramics, Glass, And Porcelain. Paragon Xpress E9: Fusing, Jewellery, And Silver Clay.
Paragon Xpress E9 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Enamels, Jewellery, And Silver Clays. Paragon Xpress E10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamelling, Jewellery, And Metal Clays.
Paragon Xpress E9: Enamelling, Fusing, And Jewellery. Paragon Xpress E10: Metal Clay And Heat-Treating.
Paragon Xpress E12 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Ceramics, Lost Wax, And Porcelain. Paragon Xpress E12B Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing Beads, Jewellery, And Silver Clays.
Paragon Xpress E12: Ceramics, Glass, And Lost-Wax. Paragon Xpress E12B: Beads And Ceramics.
Paragon Xpress E12BW With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing Beads, Enamelling, Fusing, And Silver Clays. Paragon Xpress E14 With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Xpress E12BW: Beads, Glass, And Silver Clay. Paragon Xpress E14: Annealing And Glass.
Paragon Xpress J14 With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Xpress 1313 66-3 With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Ceramics, Glass, Pottery, And Raku.
Paragon Xpress J11: Annealing, Glass, And Metal Clay. Paragon Xpress 1313: Ceramics And Glass.
Paragon Xpress 1613 With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Glass, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress 1613: Ceramics, Glass, And Raku. Paragon Sentry Xpress 3-Key Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Smart-Touch Digital Controller.
Paragon Sentry 12-Key Programmer. Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Controller.

If you want to look at specific Xpress kilns and don't need to read any general introductions, compare or review the main features, or consider other kilns, click here to jump down the page. I'll start with the smallest.


Click To Jump To The Xpress Kilns.

A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE PARAGON XPRESS KILNS

OPTIONAL READING
Paragon Xpress Q11 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Enamels, Metal Clays, And Porcelain. Paragon Xpress E12 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Ceramics, Glass, And Porcelain. Paragon Xpress J14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Glass Work, And Lost Wax. Paragon Xpress 1313 663 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Glass, Pottery, And Raku.

Paragon Xpress Kilns For Annealing, Art Clay, Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing, Glass, Heat Treating, Lost Wax Burnout, Silver Clays, PMC, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.

Paragon Xpress kilns are generally used for ceramics, enamelling, annealing, casting, fusing, sagging, and slumping glass, heat treating, lost wax burnout and casting, metal clays, porcelain, pottery, and raku, although they have other applications.


Every version is described in detail below so, although there's a comparative table and photos, I recommend that you set aside some time and read about them. Remember that, in the US, Paragon uses inches, not mm: the US is about the only industrialised nation not to conform to international standards.


Paragon's numbering system was started years ago. However, it's now very misleading. For example, the US Xpress Q11 isn't 11 inches anywhwere, the Xpress E9 and E10 are the same width, and the Xpress 66 isn't 66 inches anywhwere. So rely on the descriptions here.

If it helps, there are handy approximate conversions: 1 inch is 25mm, 6 inches is 150mm, 12 inches is 300mm, and 24 inches is 600mm.

This internet resourse is very comprehensive so is much easier to use on a computer than on a tablet or a phone. If you want to compare the different versions you could print the relevant pages. They should print correctly on A4 paper but check first in Print Preview so that nothing goes missing, particularly if you normally use wide margins. Fast or economy print will use less ink.


There are seventeen four-sided versions, in ascending order of internal size: the Xpress Q11, Q11W, E9, E9W, E10, E10B, E10W, E10BW, E12, E12B, E12W, E12BW, J14, E14, E14B, E14W, and E14BW. They're plug-in, front-opening, table-top kilns with firebrick interiors and Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers. The B versions have bead-annealing doors, the W have windows, and the BW have both.

There are two multi-sided versions, in ascending order of internal size: the seven-sided 1260°C Xpress 1313 and the eight-sided 1290°C Xpress 1613. They're wired-in, top-opening floor-standing kilns with firebrick interiors and Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers.

Yours can be in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise: although customised kilns are made to order, so can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly as in the photo. And it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


They normally have the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

For the larger kilns, the Sentry Xpress 3-key can be upgraded to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, in my opinion, unless you need those options it's more of a preference than a useful upgrade.

Alternatively, you can choose an advanced touch-screen Sentinel SmartTouch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity and updates: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.

When the programmer turns the elements off at, for example, 700°C, residual heat will continue to increase the temperature briefly. A small kiln might overshoot to 715°C before dropping back down. The programmer's software slows down the heating just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.

Digital programmers allow you to set up sequences, each one with multiple heating, holding, or cooling segments: so you can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them.

Being able to create, edit, and save your own programmes is important because, having experimented and diversified, most people fire materials, or combinations of materials, at different temperatures and for different times than are recommended.


For the firebrick versions, the elements are in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebricks. The kilns are fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement.

The firebricks have notch-joints at the corners: much stronger than the usual butt-joints or mitre-joint. For top-openers, the top row of bricks doesn't have an element groove, so the firing chamber is stronger around the top edge where the lid closes. In addition, the two meeting surfaces are hardened with refractory cement.

For the ceramic-fibre Xpress J14, the fast-heat elements are embedded in a one-piece rigidised ceramic-fibre muffle. As they're not exposed, the kilns don't need cut-off switches so, if you open them to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements will stay on and the kilns won't lose heat quickly. And rigidised ceramic-fibre, unlike firebricks, is dust free.

They have special-limit nickel-chromium K-type thermocouples. These respond quickly to changes in temperature, resist corrosion, and have an error margin of less than 0.4% instead of the typical 0.8%. However, for continual high-temperature high-precision professional use, these can be upgraded to platinum-rhodium S-types.


The US-international kilns don't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash. However, so you can start work straight away, a pro shelf kit is included in the price: one durable cordierite shelf, three or four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator. It isn't a £35 extra?

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, fusing, and heat treating as the elements turn on and off. And it isn't a £50 extra.

A kiln retailer recommended using three 50mm-high shelf posts, not four 12mm. 50mm posts waste a lot of internal space and the shelf, with your work, balanced on three posts might tip: there is a reason why chairs and tables have four legs.
If the bottom shelf is on 12mm posts, you can add a second or third on taller posts. However, with any arrangement of posts and shelves, make sure that work on all the shelves gets direct heat from the elements.


The floor-standing kilns, the Xpress 1313 and Xpress 1613, include a rigid metal table with lockable casters so the kiln can be moved easily, a top-shelf cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and a bottom shelf for drying greenware or keeping accessories, materials, and tools.

Some kilns might be too heavy or too large for a regular table or worktop. If you can't find a strong table locally, Paragon makes a strong steel table, 768mm x 768mm x 718mm high, with two shelves for your accessories, tools, and work. The luxury version, with castors, is 63mm taller.

If you decide to buy on old wood table, or use a self-assembly table with screw-in legs, its rigidity is vital otherwise it might twist and collapse.

Of course, if kilns come with legs or tables you don't have to use them. You could stand the kiln on a custom worktop if the height is more convenient. However, you'll need to put the kiln on 50mm thick firebricks so that air can circulate.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, checks, adjustments, and repairs are simple, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver: watch the on-line videos using the watch-videos link or read the help pages using use the help link, both below the menu bar near the top of any page. Alternatively, we can service the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.

APPLICATIONS: WHAT CAN I DO WITH A PARAGON XPRESS KILN?

OPTIONAL READING
Bronze Mask. Glass Art. Knife. Ceramics.

Paragon Xpress Kilns For Annealing, Art Clay, Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing, Glass, Heat Treating, Lost Wax Burnout, Silver Clays, PMC, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.

You can use these kilns for silver clays, annealing beads and glass, bronze and copper clays, firing bone china, ceramics, earthenware, porcelain, pottery, and stoneware, china painting, crystalline gazes, applying decals, dental work, dichroic glasses, dolls, enamelling, fire polishing, glass art, fusing, moulding, sagging, and slumping glass, heat treating, knife-making, laboratory testing, lampwork, lost-wax casting, low-fire ceramics, making jewellery, melting gold and silver, forming gun and model parts, pâte de verre, raku, sintering gold and silver clays, staining glass, hardening and tempering blades, cutters, dies, and tools, and many other materials and processes.

The smaller kilns are more economic for jewellery-making, so you can use most popular small-scale materials such as Accent Gold, Art Clay metal clays, BullsEye glasses, dichroic glasses, enamels, GlasClay, Image Transfer Solution, Metal Clay Veneer, PMC silver clay, Prometheus bronze clay, ProCopper clay, and SilverEtch.
And there's an increasingly diverse range of other metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, and PMC Sterling.

You can make architectural parts, badges, beads, bowls, bracelets, brooches, buttons, candle holders, ceramic-art, charms, china dolls, decorations, earrings, figurines, fingerprint keepsakes, flowerpots, glass-art, glass panels, jewellery, knives, lampshades, medals, miniatures, models, mugs, necklaces, ornaments, pendants, plates, porcelain beads, pet-id tags, rings, souvenirs, stained-glass designs, tableware, thimbles, tiaras, tiles, tools, trinkets, and vases, as unique hand-crafted pieces or repeatable stock for sale.


They're ideal for your arts centre, ceramics studio, college, course venue, craft centre, engineering workshop, glass works, home, jewellery studio, medical laboratory, pottery business, research unit, school, technical facility, or university.

IS A PARAGON XPRESS KILN THE BEST CHOICE?

OPTIONAL READING
Paragon Xpress Q11 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Enamels, And Porcelain. Paragon Xpress E12 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Ceramics, Glass, And Porcelain. Paragon Xpress J14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Glass Work, And Lost Wax Burnout. Paragon Xpress 1313 663 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.

Is A Paragon Xpress Kiln Going To Be The Best Long Term Choice?

Paragon Xpress multi-use kilns come in nineteen versions, with door and programmer options, and in eight colours. They're robust, practical, and versatile, are favoured by users all over the world, and are way ahead of any competitive makes in every way.

The smaller kilns are plug-in. The 1290°C Xpress Q11 is the smallest, the 1290°C E12 is the most popular, and the 1095°C E14 is the largest.

The top-opening kilns will need to be wired-in so are more of an investment: think about possible futures rather than your immediate plans, and whether you want a hobby or a business. The seven-sided Xpress 1313 has a volume of 34.55 litres and the eight-sided Xpress 1613 has a volume of 49.55 litres.

Of course, depending on what you want to make, width or height might be more important than volume. Some kilns are better suited for making jugs, pots, and vases, others for blades and figurines, and others for bowls, panels, plates, and tiles, so you have to balance the internal size you'd like for the budget you've got.

Some of the Xpress kilns are hot enough to work with ceramics and porcelain, and most other materials and processes, within their size limits. However, if you think that a hotter, larger, or more specialised kiln might be more versatile, here are some suggestions:


Bead-annealing kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 650°C. For this, look at the BlueBird. However, other kilns have bead doors: the small 1290°C Caldera B and 1095°C SC2B, the medium 1290°C Xpress E12B, and the larger 925°C Fusion 14B. These are hotter, so more versatile.

Glass kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 925°C. For these, look at the F Series, Fusion:CS Series, GL Series, or Pearl Series. These are not hot enough for ceramics.

Jewellery, silver clay, and enamelling kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C. For these, look at the small SC Series or the medium Xpress Series. The SC series are not hot enough for ceramics.

Vitrigraph kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C. For these, look at the small Caldera or the medium Vitrigraph.

Ceramics kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. For these, look at the small Caldera Series and FireFly Series, medium Xpress Series, or large Janus Series, PMT Series, and TNF Series. These can also be used for glass work.

Heat-treating kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C or 1290°C. For these, look at the HT Series and PMT Series. Although they look similar, the HT has a bottom-hinged door and the PMT has a side-hinged door.

Knife-making kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. The KM Series are made for depth rather than width. You can choose a guillotine, drop-down, or a side-hinged door.

The W Series have a top vent so are usually used for jewellery moulds and lost-wax burnout. For lost wax casting there are optional metal grids and wax trays. The small SC Series and most of the medium Xpress Series also have top vents.


To learn more about these and other kilns, use the appropriate links below the menu bar near the top of the page. And remember that each series has kilns of different sizes with different options.


VERSION DESCRIPTION MAX °C WATTS KG INTERIOR INTERIOR SIZE MM
Xpress Q11 front opening 1290 1440 20 firebrick square 152 x 152 x 159
Xpress Q11W window 1290 1440 20 firebrick square 152 x 152 x 159
Xpress E9 front opening 1095 1300 25 firebrick square 216 x 229 x 114
Xpress E9W window 1095 1300 25 firebrick square 216 x 229 x 114
Xpress E10 front opening 1095 1800 34 firebrick square 216 x 229 x 222
Xpress E10B bead-door 1095 1800 34 firebrick square 216 x 229 x 222
Xpress E10W window 1095 1800 34 firebrick square 216 x 229 x 222
Xpress E10BW bead-door and window 1095 1800 34 firebrick square 216 x 229 x 222
Xpress E12 front opening 1290 2280 40 firebrick rectangular 196 x 293 x 219
Xpress E12B bead-door 1290 2280 40 firebrick rectangular 196 x 293 x 219
Xpress E12W window 1290 2280 40 firebrick rectangular 196 x 293 x 219
Xpress E12BW bead-door and window 1290 2280 40 firebrick rectangular 196 x 293 x 219
Xpress J14 front opening 925 2400 50 ceramic fibre square 330 x 330 x 229
Xpress E14 front opening 1095 3120 66 firebrick square 330 x 343 x 222
Xpress E14B bead-door 1095 3120 66 firebrick square 330 x 343 x 222
Xpress E14W window 1095 3120 66 firebrick square 330 x 343 x 222
Xpress E14BW bead-door and window 1095 3120 66 firebrick square 330 x 343 x 222
Xpress 1313 top opening 1260 3600 67 firebrick seven-sided 343 x 337
Xpress 1613 top opening 1290 6400 93 firebrick eight-sided 419 x 337
BlueBird two bead-doors 650 1500 22 ceramic fibre rectangular 508 x 152 x 070
Caldera top opening 1290 1680 23 firebrick square 203 x 203 x 171
F500 two punty doors 650 6850 273 firebrick rectangular 610 x 457 x 565
Fusion CS14D lid and body opening 925 1800 71 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
GL22ADTSD front opening 925 11000 152 firebrick square 533 x 533 x 337
Janus 1613 top opening 1290 4800 90 firebrick eight-sided 419 x 337
Pearl 22 top opening 925 7200 146 firebrick square 559 x 559 x 330
PMT18 front opening 1290 6500 170 firebrick rectangular 330 x 457 x 330
SC2 front opening 1095 1680 16 ceramic fibre square 199 x 203 x 145

THE PARAGON XPRESS Q11

CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress Q11 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Enamels, Glass, Metal Clay, And Porcelain. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress Q11A For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Melting Metals, Art Clay And PMC Metal Clays, Moulding, And Porcelain.

The Paragon Xpress Q11 is a 1290°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a tilted easy-view cone-fire ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The US Xpress Q11 isn't 11 inches anywhere. It's about 6 inches wide, 6 inches deep, and 6.25 inches high inside. So, for clarity within the Xpress series, it should have been called the Xpress E6?


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1440W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 279mm x 381mm x 457mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand with four rubber feet. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 20Kg.

The door metal is drilled for a central peephole-vent, but the firebrick isn't. If you want the firebrick drilling, do it yourself, or ask when you order.

The firing chamber measures 152mm x 152mm x 159mm high and heats from the back and both sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 64mm thick bricks. The kiln normally has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. The cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Xpress Q11 is a 1290°C kiln, built for years of frequent firing. It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, jewellery studios, and home businesses as it's fully programmable, heats up quickly, and is hot enough for most materials and processes within its size and temperature limits. It's a favourite for porcelain cups, ceramic coasters, dolls, figurines, enamelled jewellery, fusing glass, and painted mugs.

The firebrick interior is suited to long firings, it's a front-opener generally preferred for small pieces, and it can hold two stacked shelves for low-profile pieces or metal clays.


It's probably the UK's most popular small high-temperature kiln. However, if you prefer a top opener, look at the Paragon FireFly or the larger Paragon Caldera.


The Xpress Q11 and TNFQ11 are the same size and look similar. The Xpress Q11 has a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer and side elements. And the TNFQ11 has a Sentry 12-key programmer and side elements.


Finally, a quote from a user, Becky Johnson: I like to open the kiln with my students so that we can review and admire each other’s treasures together. The transformation of the glass inside the kiln is magical and mystical. It changes from pieces of arranged cut glass to awe-inspiring art. To be some part of that process is a true gift.

THE PARAGON XPRESS Q11: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Furniture For The Xpress Q11. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress Q11.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash. However, so you can start work straight away, there's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 127mm x 127mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash. It's not a £30 extra.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 127mm x 127mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, or 50mm props.

A reseller recommended using one shelf on three 50mm posts, not four 12mm. 50mm posts waste internal space and the shelf, with your work, balanced on three posts might tip: there's a reason why chairs and tables have four legs.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 140mm x 140mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The tray and mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON XPRESS Q11W CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress Q11W Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamelling, Fusing, And Glass Work. Paragon Heat-Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress Q11W For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Art Clay And PMC Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during firing. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress Q11.

There's always heat-loss through windows. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures for ceramics and porcelain, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass. This isn't inconvenient because you don't need to look at ceramics and porcelain whilst they're firing.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E9

DICHROICS, ENAMELS, FUSING GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E9 Silver Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress E9 Metal Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E9 For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon Xpress E9 is a 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a tilted easy-view ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. For the Xpress E9, the number 9 means it's about 8.5 inches wide, 8.5 inches deep, and 4.5 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1300W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 356mm x 457mm x 413mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand with four rubber feet. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 25Kg.

The door metal is drilled for a central peephole-vent, but the firebrick isn't. If you want the firebrick drilling, do it yourself, or ask when you order.

The firing chamber measures 216mm x 229mm x 114mm high, and heats from the back and both sides, with the element in dropped recessed grooves in the 64mm thick bricks. The kiln normally has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Xpress E9 is a 1095°C kiln, built for years of frequent firing. It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, jewellery studios, and home businesses as it's fully programmable, heats up quickly, and is hot enough for most materials and processes within its size and temperature limits. It's a favourite with enamellers.

The firebrick interior is suited to long firings, it's a front-opener generally preferred for small pieces, and it can hold two stacked shelves for low-profile pieces or metal clays.


The Xpress E10 described below is 1.95 times taller inside, so more versatile. However, if you prefer a top opener, look at the Paragon FireFly and the larger Paragon Caldera.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E9: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Furniture For The E9, E10, FireFly, SC2, SC2 Pro, SC3, Xpress E9, and Xpress E10. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress E9.

The US-international kilns don't come with any kiln furniture. Our UK-EU kilns come with a pro shelf kit: one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash: included in the price.

The kiln normally has room for a second shelf so there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm cordierite shelf and four 12mm or 25mm shelf posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost. But, however you arrange the second shelf and its props, make sure that you don't box in the thermocouple or have the top shelf higher than the top element.

Our pro shelf kit has 12mm-high posts. If you need a little extra height, just put the shelf in without the posts. Remember to use kiln wash on the shelf: but not on the side walls and elements.

A UK reseller recommended using one shelf on three 50mm posts, not four 12mm. 50mm posts waste internal space and the shelf, with your work, balanced on three posts might tip: there is a reason why chairs and tables have four legs.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a 1-litre charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 178mm x 178mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a raised metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the firing chamber. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamelling, and fusing glass.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E9W

DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E9W Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamelling, Jewellery, And Metal Clays. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E9W For Low-Fire Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, And Metal Clays.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during firing. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress E9.

There is always heat-loss through any window. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10

DICHROICS, ENAMELS, FUSING GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Glass, Heat Treating, And Metal Clays. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E10 For Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The Paragon Xpress E10 is a 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a with a tilted easy-view ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. For the Xpress E10, the number 10 doesn't mean it's 10 inches anywhere. It's about 8.5 inches wide, 9 inches deep, and 8.75 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 356mm x 457mm x 521mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand with four rubber feet. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 34Kg.

The door metal is drilled for a central peephole-vent, but the firebrick isn't. If you want the firebrick drilling, do it yourself, or ask when you order.

The firing chamber measures 216mm x 229mm x 222mm high, and heats from the back and both sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 64mm thick bricks. The kiln normally has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Xpress E10 is a 1095°C kiln, built for years of frequent firing. It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, jewellery studios, and home businesses as it's fully programmable, heats up quickly, and is hot enough for most materials and processes within its size and temperature limits. It's a favourite with enamellers.

The firebrick interior is suited to long firings, it's a front-opener generally preferred for small pieces, and it can hold two stacked shelves for low-profile pieces or metal clays.


If you prefer a top opener, look at the Paragon FireFly and the larger Paragon Caldera.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Caldera, E9, E10, FireFly, SC2, SC2 Pro, SC3, Xpress E9, and Xpress E10. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress E10.

The US-international kilns don't come with any kiln furniture. Our UK-EU kilns come with a pro shelf kit: one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash: included in the price.

The kiln normally has room for a second shelf so there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm cordierite shelf and four 12mm or 25mm shelf posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost. But, however you arrange the second shelf and its props, make sure that you don't box in the thermocouple or have the top shelf higher than the top element.

Our pro shelf kit has 12mm-high posts. If you need a little extra height, just put the shelf in without the posts. Remember to use kiln wash on the shelf: but not on the side walls and elements.

A UK reseller recommended using one shelf on three 50mm posts, not four 12mm. 50mm posts waste internal space and the shelf, with your work, balanced on three posts might tip: there is a reason why chairs and tables have four legs.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a 1-litre charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 178mm x 178mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a raised metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the firing chamber. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamelling, and fusing glass.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10B

BEADS, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamellimg, Glass, And Heat Treating. Paragon Bead Door. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E10AB For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door and a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E10.


The bead door is hinged at the top and opens outwards. Normally, glass beads on bead mandrels, or rods, are pushed through the bead door and rest on the mandrel holder, so that an annealing programme can toughen the glass.

The bead door is often used to take a quick peep at china paintings, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress, or to adjust or move pieces of work. It gives you a wider view than a window, but the kiln will heat unevenly if you keep it open for too long: although not as much as opening the main door.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, even briefly, or handle anything else hot, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10W

DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamellimg, Glass, And Heat Treating. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E10AW For Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during firing. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress E10.

There is always heat-loss through any window. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10BW

DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamellimg, Glass, And Heat Treating. Paragon Bead Door. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E10BW For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm bead-annealing letter-box style door, a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder, and a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E10.


The bead-door and window version make the E10BW the most versatile of the series, combining the advantages of the E10B and the E10W described above. It's a good choice if you're buying your first kiln and you're not sure what you might want to do with it in the future.

Even if you don't use the bead door and window very often as you gain experience, they do make learning easier and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during firing.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12

CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress E12 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Glass, Lost Wax, And Porcelain. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E12 For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The Paragon Xpress E12 is a 1290°C, rectangular, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. For the Xpress E12, the number 12 doesn't mean it's 12 inches anywhere. It's about 7.7 inches wide, 11.5 inches deep, and 9 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2200W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 356mm x 572mm x 508mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand with four rubber feet. There's a top vent for lost-wax casting and other processes that might release fumes. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 40Kg.

The firing chamber measures 192mm x 293mm x 209mm high, and heats from the back and both sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. The kiln normally has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. An optional cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted at the side
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key
List. a USB or RS232 computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Xpress E12 is a 1290°C kiln, built for years of frequent firing. It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, jewellery studios, and home businesses as it's fully programmable, heats up quickly, and is hot enough for most materials and processes within its size and temperature limits. It's a favourite for ceramics, glass, and porcelain.

It's large enough for 180mm bowls, plates, and tiles, a 280mm doll, or 280mm knife blades, and can hold 12 pottery mugs on two shelves. It's the most popular of the Xpress kilns.


It normally has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments. The cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, in my opinion, for these kilns it's more of a preference than a useful upgrade.

Alternatively, you can choose an enhanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity and updates: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The US kiln heats to 1095°C. The UK-EU kiln, made for Cherry Heaven, heats to 1290°C. This upgrade needs slightly thicker firebricks for extra insulation.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Kits For The E12. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress E12.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash. However, there's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 178mm x 279mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash. It's not a £40 extra and you can start work straight away.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 178mm x 279mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two or three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, or 50mm props.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 178mm x 178mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The tray and mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12B

BEADS, CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress E12B Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamelling, and Metal Clays. Paragon Bead Door. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E12B For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door and a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E12.


The bead door is hinged at the top and opens outwards. Normally, glass beads on bead mandrels, or rods, are pushed through the bead door and rest on the mandrel holder, so that an annealing programme can toughen the glass.

The bead door is often used to take a quick peep at china paintings, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress, or to adjust or move pieces of work. It gives you a wider view than a window, but the kiln will heat unevenly if you keep it open for too long: although not as much as opening the main door.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, even briefly, or handle anything else hot, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12W

CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress E12 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamels, Glass, Metal Clays, And Lost Wax Burnout. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E12W For Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during firing. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress E12.

There is always heat-loss through any window. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures for ceramics and porcelain, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass. This isn't inconvenient because you won't need to look at ceramics and porcelain whilst they're firing.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12BW

BEADS, CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress E12 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamels, Glass, And Metal Clays. Paragon Bead Door. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E12AW For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The door includes a 165mm x 64mm bead-annealing letter-box style door, a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder, and a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E12.


The bead-door and window version make the E14BW the most versatile of the series, combining the advantages of the E12B and the E12W described above. It's a good choice if you're buying your first kiln and you're not sure what you might want to do with it in the future.

Even if you don't use the bead door and window very often as you gain experience, they do make learning easier and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during firing.

THE PARAGON XPRESS J14

METAL CLAYS, GLASS, LOST WAX, ENAMELLING, AND DICHROICS
Paragon J14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamel, Fusing Glass, Lost Wax, And Silver Clay. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon J14 Kiln For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Burnout And Casting, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon Xpress J14 is a 925°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, ceramic-fibre kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. For the Xpress J14, the number 14 doesn't mean it's 14 inches anywhere. It's about 13 inches wide, 13 inches deep, and 9 inches high inside. It should have been called the Xpress J13?


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 457mm x 546mm x 521mm high. The case has slots for air circulation, an integral stand with four rubber feet, two lifting handles on opposite sides, and a top vent with a removable stopper for lost-wax burnout and casting and other processes that might release fumes. The door has a spring-assisted door latch and opens 180° for easy access. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 50kg.

The firing chamber measures 330mm x 330mm x 229mm high, and heats from both sides, with the elements safely embedded in the fibre. The kiln normally has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.


The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a gas injection flow meter with a controlling solenoid: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life solid-state electronic relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic-fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Paragon Xpress J14 is a 925°C 2400W kiln so it's ideal for classes, colleges, course venues, homes, schools, workshops, and commercial jewellery studios.

It's 330mm x 330mm x 229mm high inside so about 4.26 times larger than an SC2. You can batch-anneal, paint china figures, do enamelling, make glass figurines, bowls, panels, plates, and vases, anneal, cast, fuse, sag, and slump glass, do lost-wax casting, use jewellery moulds, and make 300mm square glass tiles. Or fire lots of metal clay at one go on three shelves.


It normally has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

The Sentry Xpress 3-key can be upgraded to an advanced Sentry 12-key. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Alternatively, you can choose an enhanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity and updates: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. As they're not exposed, the kiln doesn't need a door-activated cut-off switch so, if you open it to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements will stay on and the kiln won't lose heat quickly.


The J14 and Xpress E14 are almost the same size and look similar. The Xpress J14 is a 925°C 2400W kiln with a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer and a ceramic fibre interior. The Xpress E14 is a 1095°C 3120W kiln with a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer and a firebrick interior.


Although Paragon doesn't make this kiln with a bead door or a window, you can still put bead mandrels on props and shut the door completely, or open it briefly to check on your work.


Finally, a quote from a user: This kiln is great for annealing glass, jewellery moulds, lost-wax burnout and casting, and metal clays. For a plug-in kiln, it's a good size and, like all ceramic-fibre kilns, it heats up quickly.

THE PARAGON J14: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Kits For The CS14, E14, Fusion 14, J14, SC4, Xpress E14, And Xpress J14. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.

Shelf Kits For The Paragon J14.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash. However, there's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 305mm x 305mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 305mm x 305mm x 15mm shelf and four shelf posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want extra kits. This kiln has room for three.

Half-sizes or other sizes might be easier to move, arrange, and stack if you want to make several pieces each with different dimensions or irregular shapes.

Whatever you choose, don't work directly on the floor of the firing chamber as any accidentally melted clay, glass, or metal will ruin the firebricks.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 305mm x 305mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The tray and mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14

METAL CLAYS, GLASS, LOST WAX, ENAMELLING, AND DICHROICS
Paragon Xpress E14 With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamelling, Glass, Metal Clays, And Moulds. Paragon Xpress E14 With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamelling, Glass, Metal Clays, And Moulds. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E14 For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The Paragon Xpress E14 is a 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. For the Xpress E14, the number 14 doesn't mean it's 14 inches anywhere. It's about 13 inches wide, 13.5 inches deep, and 8.75 inches high inside. It should have been called the E13?


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3120W, so it can use a regular mains socket. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 464mm x 572mm x 521mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand with four rubber feet. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 65Kg.

The door metal is drilled for a central peephole-vent, but the firebrick isn't. If you want the firebrick drilling, do it yourself, or ask when you order.

The firing chamber measures 330mm x 343mm x 222mm high, and heats from both sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 64mm thick bricks. The kiln normally has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted at the side
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB or RS232 computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. lost-wax burn-out tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Paragon Xpress E14 is a 1095°C 3120W kiln so it's ideal for classes, colleges, course venues, homes, schools, workshops, and commercial jewellery studios. It's the largest volume 1095°C kiln that can use a regular mains socket.

It's 330mm x 343mm x 222mm high inside so about 4.29 times larger than an SC2. You can batch-anneal, paint china figures, do enamelling, make glass figurines, bowls, panels, plates, and vases, anneal, cast, fuse, sag, and slump glass, do lost-wax casting, use jewellery moulds, and make 300mm square glass tiles. Or fire lots of metal clay at one go on three shelves.


It normally has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

The Sentry Xpress 3-key can be upgraded to an advanced Sentry 12-key. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Alternatively, you can choose an enhanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity and updates: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The Xpress E14 and J14 are almost the same size and look similar. The Xpress E14 is a 1095°C 3120W kiln with a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer and a firebrick interior. The Xpress J14 is a 925°C 2400W kiln with a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer and a ceramic fibre interior.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Furniture For The CS14, E14, Fusion 14, J14, SC4, Xpress E14, And Xpress J14. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress E14.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash. However, there's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 305mm x 305mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 305mm x 305mm x 15mm shelf and four shelf posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want extra kits. This kiln has room for three.

Half-sizes or other sizes might be easier to move, arrange, and stack if you want to make several pieces each with different dimensions or irregular shapes.

Whatever you choose, don't work directly on the floor of the firing chamber as any accidentally melted clay, glass, or metal will ruin the firebricks.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 305mm x 305mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The tray and mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14B

ANNEALING BEADS, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E14 Bead Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Bead Door. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E14B For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door and a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E14.


The bead door is hinged at the top and opens outwards. Normally, glass beads on bead mandrels, or rods, are pushed through the bead door and rest on the mandrel holder, so that an annealing programme can toughen the glass.

The bead door is often used to take a quick peep at china paintings, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress, or to adjust or move pieces of work. It gives you a wider view than a window, but the kiln will heat unevenly if you keep it open for too long: although not as much as opening the main door.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, even briefly, or handle anything else hot, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14W

ANNEALING, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E14W Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E14W For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during firing. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress E12.

There is always heat-loss through any window. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14BW

ANNEALING BEADS, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E14BW Bead And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Bead Door. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E14BW For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm bead-annealing letter-box style door, a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder, and a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E14.


The bead-door and window version make the E14BW the most versatile of the series, combining the advantages of the E14B and the E14W described above. It's a good choice if you're buying your first kiln and you're not sure what you might want to do with it in the future.

Even if you don't use the bead door and window very often as you gain experience, they do make learning easier and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during firing.

THE PARAGON XPRESS 1313

ANNEALING, CERAMICS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, POTTERY, AND RAKU
Paragon Xpress 1313 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Glass, Heat Treating, Pottery, And Raku. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress 1313 66-3 Kiln For Annealing, Casting, Ceramics, Earthenware, Enamelling, Glass Fusing, Sagging, And Slumping, Heat Treating, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.

The Paragon Xpress 1313 is a 1260°C cone 8, seven-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing, firebrick kiln, with a cone-fire ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Xpress 1313 is about 13.5 inches across and 13.25 inches high inside. In the US, it's called the Xpress 66-3 as the firebricks are 3 inches thick, although it's not 66 inches anywhere. So, for clarity within the Xpress series, it should have been called the Xpress 1313?


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3600W, so it needs a 15A minimum wired-in power supply. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 559mm x 648mm x 711mm high. The body has two lifting handles and there are two wide-view peephole-vents in one of the sides. The lid has a handle and a fold-away lockable support. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 67Kg.

The metal table, shown in the second photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 305mm high and has lockable casters, a top shelf with a cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and a bottom shelf for drying greenware or keeping accessories, materials, and tools. It replaces the earlier stand, shown in the first photo.

The firing chamber is 343mm x 337mm high, and heats from the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. It has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The top row of bricks doesn't have an element groove, so the firing chamber is stronger around the top edge where the lid closes. In addition, the two meeting surfaces are hardened and sealed with refractory cement.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. The cone-fire mode, up to cone 8, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control boxes respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a gas injection flow meter with a controlling solenoid: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted at the bottom
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Paragon Xpress 1313 is a 1260°C kiln, made for years of continual firing so it's ideal for a ceramics, pottery, raku, or glass studio. It's large enough for 300mm diameter bowls and plates and 300mm high pots and vases. At 3600W it heats quickly and will reach its maximum temperature easily even if the elements age or the local voltage drops.


It normally has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments. The cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Alternatively, you can choose an enhanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity and updates: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The firebrick base, which sits in a steel pan, is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.


The Xpress 1313 and TNF1313 are the same size and look similar. The Xpress 1313 is a 3600W kiln with a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer and side elements. The TNF1313 is a 3600W kiln with a Sentry 12-key programmer and side elements.

THE PARAGON XPRESS 1313: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Furniture For The Xpress 1313, Xpress 66-3, TNF1313, and TNF66-3. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress 1313 66-3.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 305mm x 15mm cordierite shelves, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 305mm x 15mm shelf and three shelf posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want extra kits. This kiln has room for three.

Whatever you choose, don't work directly on the floor of the firing chamber as any accidentally melted clay, glass, or metal will ruin the firebricks.


The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 203mm x 203mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The tray and mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON XPRESS 1613

ANNEALING, CERAMICS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, PORCELAIN, POTTERY, AND RAKU
Paragon Xpress 1613 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Ceramics, Glass, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress 1613 1613-3 Kiln For Annealing, Casting, Ceramics, Dolls, Earthenware, Enamelling, Glass Fusing And Slumping, Heat Treating, Porcelain, Pottery, Raku, And Stoneware.

The Paragon Xpress 1613 is a 1290°C cone 10, eight-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing, firebrick kiln, with a cone-fire ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon uses inches, not mm. The Xpress 1613 is about 16.5 inches across and 13.25 inches high inside. In the US, it's sometimes called the 1613-3 as the firebricks are 3 inches thick.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 6400W, so it needs a 27A minimum wired-in power supply. It's fitted with a switch that cuts off power to the elements when the kiln is opened: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 648mm x 724mm x 813mm high. The body has two lifting handles and there are two wide-view peephole-vents in two of the sides. The lid has a handle and a fold-away lockable support. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 93Kg.

The metal table, shown in the second photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 305mm high and has lockable casters, a top shelf with a cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and a bottom shelf for drying greenware or keeping accessories, materials, and tools. It replaces the earlier stand, shown in the first photo.

The firing chamber is 419mm x 337mm high, and heats from the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. The kiln normally has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The top row of bricks doesn't have an element groove, so the firing chamber is stronger around the top edge where the lid closes. In addition, the two meeting surfaces are hardened and sealed with refractory cement.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. The cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control boxes respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a gas injection flow meter with a controlling solenoid: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted at the bottom
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Paragon Xpress 1613 is a 1290°C kiln, made for years of continual firing so it's ideal for a ceramics, porcelain, pottery, raku, or glass studio. It's large enough for 360mm diameter bowls and plates and 300mm high pots and vases. At 6400W it heats quickly and will reach its maximum temperature easily even if the elements age or the local voltage drops.


It normally has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments. The cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Alternatively, you can choose an enhanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity and updates: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.


The firebrick base, which sits in a steel pan, is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.


The Xpress 1613, TNF1613, and Janus 1613 are the same size and look similar. The Xpress 1613 is a 1290°C 6400W kiln with a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer and side elements. The TNF1613 is a 1290°C 6400W kiln with a Sentry 12-key programmer and side elements. And the Janus 1613 is a 1290°C 4800W kiln with a Sentry 12-key programmer, lid and side elements, and a ceramics-glass switch: for ceramics try all the side elements and for glass try the top and middle elements.


Finally, a quote from a user: This is my fourth Paragon kiln: over 1200 firings in four years. I use crystalline glaze exclusively on a line of designer tile. I use it for smaller hand cut tiles, but also as a test kiln. The Xpress 1613 is the only kiln that can keep up with me: I have this bad habit of working it hard.

THE PARAGON XPRESS 1613: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Furniture For The Xpress 1613, Janus 1613, and TNF1613. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress 1613 1613-3.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 381mm x 15mm cordierite shelves, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 381mm x 15mm shelf and three shelf posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want extra kits. This kiln has room for three.

Whatever you choose, don't work directly on the floor of the firing chamber as any accidentally melted clay, glass, or metal will ruin the firebricks.


The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 228mm x 216mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The tray and mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

RECOMMENDED READING
General Help and FAQs For Kilns. Paragon Kiln Shelf Kit. Paragon Relay. Paragon Transformer.

Kilns, Digital Programmers, Kiln Furniture, Options, Upgrades, Firing, Kiln Logs, Accessories, Materials, Parts, Processes, Repairs, And Tools.

The remaining sections are recommended reading, unless you're already using kilns successfully.


Cherry Heaven has been a Paragon distributor since 2002, and commended every year for outstanding performance. Paragon kilns are good value: buy Paragons and you could save enough to treat yourself to a luxury five-star weekend break.

Anyone can buy a kiln to resell and call themselves a specialist, but a top-tier distributor understands all the kilns, options, and upgrades, will stock spares, offers free competent technical support, can help you repair your kiln, provides on-line repair videos, has a repair workshop, and can access Paragon's extensive knowledge-base.

If you need help, you can mail an experienced technician or call . Alternatively, to learn more about how your kiln works, use the help link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO CLAYS

Natural Clay.

What Is Clay?

Clays are formed naturally over millions of years as rocks break up into minute particles. They consist of hydrous aluminium silicates and other compounds such as feldspar, iron oxides, mica, and quartz. Clays are collectively referred to as ceramics.

Clays are often divided into three main categories: earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware. Generally, they needs to be fired for several hours, although the exact chemical composition affects the firing temperatures and times, and the clays' colour, porosity, shrinkage, and strength.

All clays are created to mature at specific temperatures, and any variance can lead to unsatisfactory results in ceramic durability or color. If fired too high, clay can deform or even melt; if fired too low, your pieces will be dry, rough, and potentially unsolidified.

Historically, low-fire has been the most commonly used firing range due to limitations in kiln technology. Modern kilns are now capable of much more complex, high-temperature processes, but low-fire range continues to be popular because it allows ceramic artists to use a variety of colourants that either burn off or become unstable at higher temperatures.

The maximum cone rating of a stoneware or porcelain clay is the temperature at which it vitrifies. This is the hardening, tightening and finally the partial glassification of the clay. Vitrification results from fusions or melting of the various components of the clay. The strength of fired clay is increased by the formation of new crystalline growth within the clay body, particularly the growth of mullite crystals. Mullite is an aluminum silicate characterized by a long needle-like crystal. These lace the structure together, giving it cohesion and strength.

When clay vitrifies it gets very strong. This is especially important for dinnerware where pieces are exposed to a lot of abuse. Vitrification also makes the clay's porosity low.

EARTHENWARE, PORCELAIN, AND STONEWARE

Earthenware Flower Pot.

What Are Earthenware, Porcelain, And Stoneware?

Earthenware is normally beige, red, or white. It has the lowest firing temperature of the three, usually lower than 1150°C. It's slightly porous, and stains and chips easily, so it's often glazed to protect the surface. Its porosity means it's good for making terracotta planters and oven steamers, but not good for jugs or vases.


Porcelain is composed of kaolin, or china clay. Kaolin doesn't melt until 1800°C, so other compounds are usually added so it can be fired between 1250°C and 1400°C. For example, bone china is made by adding bone ash to the clay. It's known for its whiteness, hardness, smoothness, durability, and translucency. When tapped, it makes a distinctive ping: or ming.

Named after a hill in China from which it was mined for centuries, kaolin is the purest form of clay and is the foundation of all porcelain clay bodies. Though pure kaolin clays can be fired, often they are mixed with other clays to increase both workability and lower the firing temperature, so if using a kaolin-based clay body, be sure to note how pure your material is, as this will change the required temperature.

As a clay body, porcelain is known for its hardness, extremely tight density, whiteness, and translucence in thin-walled pieces. Another difficulty with porcelain bodies is that they are very prone to warping during drying in the kiln

When fired, porcelain becomes a hard, vitrified, non-absorbent clay body, very similar to high-fire stoneware. It also develops a body-glaze layer formed between the clay body and the glaze. The absence of any iron, alkalies, or alkaline earths in the molecular structure of kaolin not only dictate its high-fire requirements, but are also responsible for its most identifiable characteristic: its white color.


Stoneware is normally beige, grey, or red-brown. It's usually fired between 1150°C and 1300°C. It's hard, durable, and resists thermal shock. Glazes bond well, so it can be made waterproof.


Stoneware is a plastic clay, often grey when moist. Getting its name from the dense, rock-like nature of the clay body when fired, stoneware is typically combined with other clays to modify it, such as ball clays which might be added for plasticity. It is important to note that stoneware is divided into two types: mid-fire and high-fire.

Like low-fire bodies, mid-range stoneware is relatively soft and porous and has a clearly separate glaze layer after firing. However, a mid-range firing results in increased durability of the ware as well. When fired, stoneware ranges in color from light grey to buff, to medium grey and brown.

Mid-range glazes typically mature between Cone 4 and Cone 6, and most commercial underglazes have a maximum temperature of Cone 6. These glazes are more durable, still offer a fairly extensive color range, and though not quite as harsh as low-fire glazes, can still be quite bright.

BISQUE

Bisque.

What Is Bisque?

Bisque is clay which has been fired once, without a glaze, to a temperature just before vitrification. Firing changes the clay into ceramic material, without fully fusing it. A second, slower, firing melts the glaze and fuses it to the clay body.

BONE CHINA

Royal Victoria Bone China Cup And Saucer. Wedgewood White Dinner Set. Rose Bouquet Dessert Plates. Royal Albert Bone China Tea Set.

What Is Bone China?

Bone china is a type of porcelain composed of bone ash, feldspathic material, and kaolin. It's the strongest of the porcelain or china ceramics, having very high mechanical and physical strength and chip resistance, and is known for its high levels of whiteness and translucency. Its high strength allows it to be produced in thinner cross-sections than other types of porcelain.

From its initial development and up to the latter part of the 20th century, bone china was almost exclusively English, with production being effectively localised in Stoke-on-Trent. Most major English firms made or still make it, including Fortnum & Mason, Mintons, Coalport, Spode, Royal Crown Derby, Royal Doulton, Wedgwood, and Worcester.

In the UK, references to china or porcelain can refer to bone china, and English Porcelain has been used as a term for it, both in the UK and around the world.

POLYMER CLAY

Polymer Clay Flowers By Olga Zhukova. Polymer Clay Key Rings. Polymer Clay Beads By LiasonWithAlison. Polymer Clay Necklace By Facet Jewellery.

What Is Polymer Clay?

Polymer clay is a man-made material: tiny particles of polyvinyl chloride mixed with plasticisers and pigments. When it's baked, at around 125°C, the particles fuse and the clay hardens.

RAKU

Raku By Lori Duncan. Raku By Brian Seckinger. Raku By Greenwich Community College. Raku By Soley Ceramics.

What Is Raku?

Raku was originally a Japanese technique, but it's now become an internationally popular way to make decorative ware, with each piece having a unique blend of colours.

A bisque piece is fired to about 950°C, then glazed. It's removed from the kiln when red-hot, and put straight into a container of combustible material.

The flames, reducing atmosphere, and mix of chemicals stain the clay. When the piece is removed and quenched in cold water, interesting colours and shades remain: often unpredictable.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO GLASS AND GEMS

Obsidian. Fish. Curved Glass by Infabbrica. Lauscha By Carrie Fertig.

What Is Glass?

The main component of glass is silicon dioxide, often called silica: found naturally and plentifully as sand. When it melts, at around 1700°C, it's like syrup on a cold day. When it cools, it forms a rigid brittle glass called quartz glass.

To lower the melting point, and reduce the cost of melting, chemicals are added: typically sodium carbonate and calcium oxide. Other chemicals, and different heating and cooling processes, produce a range of colours and mechanical properties.

Chemically, glass is defined as an amorphous solid but, as it's heated, it becomes softer allowing it to be blown, cast, coated, decorated, engraved, heat-treated, moulded, poured, pressed, sagged, and slumped.

A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a hard black-to-brown glassy type of stone, shown in the photo. Although it was used decoratively, when it fractures it has very sharp edges, many times sharper than a steel knife-edge, so was also used for tools and weapons: and the pitiful rituals of circumcision and female genital mutilation.

ANNEALING
Annealed Beads Made Into A Necklace.

What Is Annealing?

During annealing, fabrication stresses are relieved as the molecules cool and arrange themselves into a regular stable matrix. Successful annealing is the key to creating glasswork that will remain attractive and durable. It's quite a long process, so a kiln with an automatic comprehensive programmer is essential.

FREE BEAD ANNEALING GUIDE

A Bead Annealing Guide.

You can download, and print, a Bead Annealing Guide. Paragon created it in 2013 so it's only a guide, not a contemporary definitive document. Click here. It's a pdf file, but your device should already have a pdf viewer.

CUBIC ZIRCONIA
Cubic Zirconia.

What Are Cubic Zirconia.

Cubic Zirconia is the most popular substitute for a diamond because they look almost dentical. Cubic Zirconia or CZ, is made from zirconium dioxide which comes closer than any other gem to matching the characteristics of a diamond. It's not quite as hard as diamond and is slightly less sparkly but displays more prismatic fire with more colour sparkles within the gem, especially if metal oxides are added during the production process.

Caring for CZ is important because they are more brittle than diamonds and susceptible to wear and tear such as chipping and scratches over time.

DIAMONDS
Diamond.

What Are Diamonds?

Diamonds are not a form of glass: they're naturally occurring gems composed of carbon atoms arranged in a very regular pattern.

Between 1 billion to 3.3 billion years ago, simple carbon containing trace minerals was transformed into diamonds by heat and pressure at depths of over 100 miles below the earth’s surface. We can’t mine down far enough to reach the earth’s mantle but fortunately volcanic eruptions brought the diamonds closer to the surface. They're extremely hard and until recently were regarded as the world's hardest natural material.

Although diamonds are extremely expensive, their price is governed by carat, cut, colour, and clarity. It’s very rare to find a diamond that doesn’t contain flaws: however the impurities, and internal refraction and dispersion of light, give diamonds their brilliance.


Synthetic diamonds are manufactured and are identical in hardness, dispersion, gravity, refraction and chemical composition to the highest quality mined diamonds available. Whereas a one-carat top quality diamond would cost thousands of pounds to buy, the same quality man-made diamond could be made for less than £5.

This will obviously have a huge impact on the diamond industry over the next few years as when comparing a cultured and mined diamond side by side they are virtually undistinguishable. A bit like pearls, they can be grown from a single crystal using chemical vapor deposition.

DICHROIC GLASS
Dichroic Glass.

What Are Dichroic Glasses.

Dichroic glass has two different colours: a transmitted colour and a reflective colour, both of which change depending on the angle of view. For example blue-red will be blue in transmission and red in reflection.

During manufacture, quartz and metal oxides are vapourised onto the surface of the glass using a vacuum deposition process, forming a multi-layer crystal structure.

ENAMELLING
Enamelled Jewellery.

What Is Enamelling?

Enamelling involves applying a glass paste to metal and then heating it to fuse it to the surface. The finish of the enamel can be translucent or opaque depending on the temperature used to melt the glass. Higher temperatures result in a more transparent and durable enamel whilst lower temperatures give a more opaque and fragile surface. Dyes and pigments can be included to produce any colour.

The Paragon SC2 is ideal for enamelling, although other kilns are fine. So click the sc2-sc3:jewellery link below the menu bar near the top of the page. The SC-2W and SC-3W doors include a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the centre of the door, allowing you to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress

FIRE POLISHING
Fire Polished Glass.

What Is Fire Polishing?

To fire polish glass, return the items to the kiln and melt them just enough to give a smooth polished appearance. It needs a temperature of around 700°C, and is often used to round the edges of glass after fusing.

Fire polishing already-slumped items is more difficult because the polishing temperature is close to the slumping temperature and it can distort the appearance of the piece. So it generally works best for flat items, rather than slumped ones. It has the slight limitation that the part of the item that touches the kiln shelf won't polish.

FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Fused Glass.

What Is Glass Fusing?

If two or more pieces of glass in contact are heated, they begin to soften and fuse together. With careful heating and cooling, the separate pieces of glass become one.

If glass is put on a mould and heated, it begins to soften and collapse, or sag, onto the mould: a common technique for making bowls and plates.

Sagging and slumping are often thought of as being the same. Correctly: during sagging, heated glass, supported at its edges, sags down in the middle to conform to a mould; during slumping, heated glass, supported at its middle, slumps down at its edges to conform to a mould.

LAMPWORK AND BEADS
Beads.

What Is Lampwork?

Lamp-working is the traditional name for glasswork that uses a flame to melt glass rods and tubes. As the glass softens, it's shaped by turning and using tools.

Early lampworkers used an oil-lamp, and blew air into the flame through a pipe. Later, propane, natural gas, or butane torches replaced the lamp, although kilns are now increasingly popular, particularly for annealing.

Beads are usually made on steel rods, or mandrels. When the beads are finished, the rods are removed leaving holes for threading the beads. Cold working techniques can be used, such as etching, faceting, polishing, and sandblasting.

LOST-WAX BURNOUT
Paragon W13 Lost Wax Casting Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.

What Is Lost Wax Casting?

Lost-wax burnout starts with making a wax shape and then making a mould of the shape. When the mould is heated in a kiln, the wax melts out through channels, usually over a burnout mesh and into a tray. The shape is then cast in glass or metal from the mould.

It's important to prevent wax or carbon sticking to the elements, so burnout kilns have a top vent to release fumes. Carbon build-up inside a kiln could conduct electricity and would eventually cause the elements to fail.

Paragon make kilns designed for this: the W series. So click the w:lost-wax link under the menu bar near the top of the page. They all have top vents and optional wax trays.

MOISSANITE
Moissanite.

What Is Moissanite.

Moissanite is another diamond substitute which is a rare mineral found naturally in small quantities, although Moissanite for jewellery is artificially made. It’s made from Silicon Carbide which means it’s able to withstand high temperatures and is very hard.

Moissanite is noticeably much sparklier and displays more prismatic fire than a diamond which is noticeable even to an untrained observer. Moissanite does have inclusions like a diamond and it may also have a greenish tinge to its colour.

PÂTE DE VERRE
Pâte De Verre.

What Is Pâte De Verre?

Pâte de verre involves making a glass paste, applying it to a mould, firing it, and removing the piece from the mould. The glass paste is usually made from glass powder, a binder such as gum arabic, distilled water, and colouring agents or enamels. It allows precise placing of colours in the mould, whereas other techniques often result in the glass straying from its intended position.

I think, currently, Daum is the only large commercial crystal manufacturer using the pâte de verre process for art glass and crystal sculptures.

SLUMPING BOTTLES
Slumped Bottle.

What Is Glass Slumping?

This a simple technique but it requires good ideas. A bottle, such as those used for wine, beer, cola, or champagne, is softened in a kiln so that it begins to flatten out or conforms to a mould. There are too many moulds to stock here but there are lots available on line. Or make your own from clay.

The bottles need to be clean and dry, with all paper labels and tops removed. Put them in your kiln on a shelf, either with shelf paper or kiln wash to prevent the glass sticking to the shelf.

Paragon makes a kiln designed for this: the Trio. So click the trio link below the menu bar near the top of the page. It's wide enough for most bottles but can still use a regular socket.

STAINED GLASS
Stained Glass.

What Is Stained Glass?

Stained glass is glass that has been coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture. The coloured glass is crafted into stained glass windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged to form patterns or pictures, traditionally held together by strips of lead and supported by a rigid frame. Painted details and yellow stain are often used to enhance the design.

The term stained glass is also applied to windows in which the colours have been painted onto the glass and then fused to the glass in a kiln.

It requires artistic skill to conceive an appropriate and workable design, and engineering skills to assemble the piece. A window must fit snugly into the space for which it is made, must resist wind and rain, and also, especially in the larger windows, must support its own weight. Many large windows have withstood the test of time and remained substantially intact since the Late Middle Ages.

SWAROVSKI CRYSTAL
Swarovski Crystal.

What Is Swarovski Crystal?

Swarovski Crystal isn’t a gemstone or even a crystal: it’s a form of glass made at high temperatures by melting silicon oxide powders with lead to form what is known as lead crystal. The exact process is patented by Swarovski but it has approximately 32% lead content to increase the crystals refraction index to resemble that of a diamond. To produce a diamond like effect the crystal glass is precision cut and then polished again by a Swarovski patented process that gives the crystal a high quality finish.

The crystals are often further enhanced by coating the glass with an Aurora Borealis or AB coating that gives the surface a rainbow like appearance to simulate dispersion from a diamond. Swarovski crystal is not as hard as diamond so its susceptible to scratches and chipping from wear and tear, but it’s harder than standard glass.

TACK FUSING
Tack Fused Glass.

What Is Tack Fusing?

Tack fusing is the joining together of glass, with as little change to the shape of the pieces as possible. Tack fusing may be used either decoratively, or to assemble a large piece of glass from laminations.

Where tack fusing is used to apply small decorative details to a larger piece, you might want to partially melt the small pieces so that they change shape, usually becoming more spherical under the influence of surface tension, but without changing the shape of the carrier piece. This can be done by using an increased temperature, but only briefly. The carrier piece has a larger thermal mass, so heats up more slowly than the small decorations.

VITRIGRAPH WORK
Glass Stringers.

What Is Vitrigraph?

The vitrigraph process usually uses a kiln to make glass stringers. The bottom of the kiln is removed and set aside. The kiln body is put on a thick ceramic square with a central hole.

A crucible of glass is put inside, and the whole combination lifted well away from the floor to allow moulten glass to fall through a hole in the crucible and form long stringers. Ceramic squares are in the on-line shop.

Paragon make a kiln designed for this: the Caldera. So click the caldera:ceramics link below the menu bar near the top of the page. The bottom is a separate part and can be unclipped.

WARM GLASS
Warm Glass Flower Bowl.

What Is Warm Glass?

The term warm glass refers to fusing, slumping, and other glass processes which take place at temperatures between about 600°C to 925°C. Although that doesn't sound warm, it is when you compare it to glassblower's working temperatures, which often exceed 1100°C. Warm glass is sometimes called kiln-formed glass.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO METAL CLAYS
Art Clay Silver Clay. Acrylic Tools. Clay Shapers. Hand Tools.

What Is A Metal Clay?

Metal Clays are clay-like materials made of fine metal powders and water-soluble organic binders. Out of the packet they feel like modelling clay, so can be shaped using anything appropriate. If you don't like what you've made, you can roll it up and start again. Any scraps can be wrapped up in cling-film or foil and re-used, so there's almost no waste.

When you're happy with your work, it's dried so that the moisture can evaporate. At this stage it feels like a plaster, so you can still refine the shape: or even add more clay.

As it's fired, the binders vapourise, releasing small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid metal: real metal, not something that just looks like metal. The firing temperature isn't high enough to melt the metal otherwise your work would liquify and lose it's shape.


Although Art Clay and PMC silver clays were first to market, there's now an increasingly diverse range of metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, PMC Sterling, and Prometheus.

I sometimes get asked if there's a platinum metal clay: there is, but it's an industrial product. Platinum melts at 1772°C, so a platimum clay would probably need to fire at around 1600°C: beyond the maximum temperature of conventional kilns.


All our tools have been chosen for their engineering excellence and clean functionality, to help you manage a creative and efficient work environment. And you'll enjoy using good tools rather than continually improvising. To learn more, use the accessories-tools link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

SILVER CLAY
Art Clay Silver Pendant. Art Clay Silver Necklace. Art Clay Silver Pendant. Art Clay Silver Brooch.

Aida Art Clay Silver And Mitsubishi PMC Silver Clay.

There are two popular makes of silver clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine silver powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Silver and PMC Silver, sometimes just called silver clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 999 silver: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

BRONZE CLAY
Bronze-Copper Lobster Bangle By Gordon Uyehara.

Bronze Clay And BronzClay.

There are three popular makes of bronze clay: Bronze Clay made by ClayMania, BronzClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Bronze ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine bronze powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

Clay Mania Bronze Clay and MetalAdventures BronzClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural bronze colour, and charcoal made from coal produces a colourful range of patinas.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid bronze, an alloy of 89% copper and 11% tin: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm high, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm high and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Bronze, which is almost certainly Prometheus Bronze Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why very similar products can differ so much in price.


Also, in November 2014, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 12 times more than Prometheus Bronze Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, bronze is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

COPPER CLAY
Copper Earring By Zina Kuscynska Richterova.

Copper Clay And CopprClay.

There are four popular makes of copper clay: Art Clay Copper made by Aida Chemical Industries, Copper Clay made by ClayMania, CopprClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Copper ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine copper powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Clay Mania Copper Clay and MetalAdventures CopprClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural copper colour.

Art Clay Copper is easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. In most kilns, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time: so you might want more than one.

Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid copper: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Copper, which is almost certainly Prometheus Copper Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why very similar products can differ so much in price.


Also, in November 2014, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 12 times more than Prometheus Copper Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, copper is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

GOLD CLAY
Gold Clay Pendant By Claudia S Atkins.

Aida Art Clay Gold And Mitsubishi PMC Gold Clay.

There are two popular makes of gold clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine gold powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Gold and PMC Gold, sometimes just called gold clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 22 carat gold: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

AN ELECTRIC VENT FOR KILNS

Orton-Paragon Kiln VentMaster: Unassembled. Orton-Paragon Oven Vent Outlet. Orton-Paragon Kiln Fan Motor Unit. Orton-Paragon Kiln Auxiliary Power Socket.

The Orton-Paragon Vent Master Kiln Vent.

A Paragon-Orton Vent Master removes airborn pollutants straight away and redirects them to the outside through a flexi-pipe. The kilns can be factory-readied, so the vent just needs on-site assembly. It's on-off times can be controlled by the programmer.

Refreshing the air in a kiln minimises surface blemishes when firing clays, ensures brighter colours when firing glasses, prevents colour contamination when firing different glazes, and removes pollutants when heat-treating metals.

The vent motor isn't so powerful that the heat-up time and maximum temperature are reduced, but the cooling time is, depending on the size of the kiln.


The UK-EU vent motor is rated at 230V-240V 132W, so it can use a regular mains socket. The suction cup, in the second photo, and pipe are attached to the kiln but the motor can be remote: it doesn't get hot and the fan is easy to clean.

There's always a small gap, for expansion, around any kiln door or lid, so enough new air can be drawn in to replace the old air being drawn out. However, peepholes act as straight-through cold-air inlets: so you might not want them or block them with some ceramic cloth?

The vent can be turned on and off manually. Alternatively, if the kiln has a Sentry or a Sentinel programmer, the vent can be plugged into the kiln's auxiliary power outlet and controlled by the programmer. The power outlet, in the fourth photo, has to be fitted during manufacture: so decide before you order.


As with Paragon kilns, Orton Vent Masters can be re-engineered for any electrical system. They conform to the demanding 1992 Uniform Mechanical Code and the UL standard, and are CE Marked for the EU. They have a two year limited warranty.

A GAS INLET FLOW METER FOR KILNS

Paragon Gas Inlet Flow Meter.

The Paragon Gas Inlet Flow Meter.

Users interested in gas injection are usually blade-makers. There are so many variables that there isn't a comprehensive set of instructions but I've put together enough to get you started if you're a novice.


During heat treating, oxygen forms a scale on the surface of knife blades, metals, and tools. To minimise this, the parts can either be wrapped in heat-treating foil or an inert gas can be injected into the furnace to displace the oxygen.

Most professional knife makers use gas injection for precise control and to save time. If you have a Sentry or a Sentinel programmer, a solenoid kit can automatically turn the gas on or off for each segment of the firing: just programme the controller to turn on the gas at the temperature where scale begins to form on the steel.


The factory-fitted gas injection and flow meter provided is a standard meter from Dwyer calibrated from 1 SCFH to 20 SCFH: SCFH is Standard Cubic Feet per Hour. The user is responsible for providing a source of gas at low pressure, less than 20 PSIG, to a 1/4" NPT female pipe fitting. A pressure regulator may be required to reduce the high pressure in bottled gas to a usable range. This is usually bought with the gas tank: it's not part of this Paragon option.

The Dwyer flow meter is for use on furnaces with internal volumes of 0.2 cubic feet to 27 cubic feet and, therefore, the setting of the flow meter will depend on the size of furnace or the amount of gas required to create a chemical reaction.

If the furnace is 0.2 cubic feet in volume and the flow meter is set on 1 SCFH, the atmosphere of the furnace will be changed 5 times per hour at room temperature: every 12 minutes. If, however, the furnace is over 1000F, the room temperature gas will expand to over ten times its volume when it's injected into the hot firing chamber. This equates to changing the atmosphere of a 0.2 cubic foot furnace at the rate of 50 times per hour: every 1.2 minutes.

It's up to the user to define how pure the atmosphere is required and adjust the flow rate accordingly. Typically, this will require several test samples to fine tune the atmosphere.


Furnaces aren't completely air-tight and gas will leak out around the door, and through the firebricks and metal seams, so you need a steady flow of gas. Gas at room temperature will expand to over twenty times its volume when injected into a firing chamber at 550°C, so a low setting on the flow meter is adequate to prevent most scaling.

Depending on how you work, gas injection might reduce the life of the heating elements slightly. However, they're easy and inexpensive to replace. If your business depends on continual kiln time, buying a spare set of elements would be sensible.

Argon gas is popular for heat treating because it's inexpensive. But, it's heavier than air and breathing it in won't keep you alive. so your workshop must be well ventilated.

A USB INTERFACE WITH WINDOWS SOFTWARE FOR KILNS

Paragon USB Interface.

The Paragon USB Interface With Windows Software.

A factory-fitted USB interface provides a USB socket on the kiln that connects a Sentry or Sentinel programmer to a Windows computer. You can monitor the firing sequences, save them, and print out the results, making it easier to keep a record of firings: successful and unsuccessful. If you prefer, you can have an RS232 interface.


The Universal Serial Bus, USB, is a simple plug-and-play digital connection between a computer and most of it's peripherals, designed to replace all the old plugs, sockets, cables, and expansion interfaces. Up to 127 fast-access devices can be set up automatically and hot-swapped without turning the computer off.

Universal means it's an internationally agreed standard. A bus is the computer's two-way connection which carries data between the processor, the drive, the memory, and the peripherals. Serial means that data is sent one bit after another, as a data stream.
As an analogy, a road bus carries passengers between work, home, and the shops. And a tee-vee serial shows the episodes one after another, in the right sequence.

PARAGON KILNS INTERNATIONAL DISTRIBUTOR

KILNS, OVENS, FURNACES, PARTS, AND SUPPORT
Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer PCB. Paragon Type-K Thermocouple. Paragon Relay. Paragon Shelf Kit.

Paragon Kilns, Furnaces, and Ovens For Annealing, Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Glass, Jewellery, Knife Making, Lost Wax, Silver Clays, Heat Treating, Lampwork, Porcelain, And Vitrigraph.

is a Cherry Heaven internet resource. Cherry Heaven is a top-tier international distributor for Texas-made Paragon kilns, furnaces, ovens, and accessories, and has been one of their top-selling partners from 2006 to : a pleasing outcome since the UK is only one third the area of Texas and one fortieth the area of the US.

As this is an on-line resource, there isn't a paper catalogue or a price list. However, you can mail or call a technician about kilns, power supplies, public area safety, a special project, business ideas, diagnostics, repairs, or reselling opportunities.


Art Clay UK. Bartlett kiln Controllers. Cherry Heaven. Electric Kilns. Electric Tumblers. Euroversity. Kitiki. Learning English. Lucas Cameron. Mini Kiln. Orton Kiln Controllers. Oxford English. Oxford English Training. Paragon Kilns International. Paragon Kilns UK. Paragon Kilns DE. Paragon Kilns EU. Paragon Kilns US. Professor English. Prometheus Kilns. Paragon Caldera. Paragon CS16D. Paragon KM18. Paragon KM18 PRO. Paragon KM18 XL D Double Barrel. Paragon KM24. Paragon KM24 PRO. Paragon KM24 XL D Double Barrel. Paragon SC2. Paragon Kilns UK. Accent Gold. Accessories And Tools. Art Clay Silver Clay.Paragon BlueBird Bead-Annealing Kilns. Bronze Clay. Paragon Caldera Ceramics Kilns. Paragon Catalogue Ceramics. Copper Clay. Silver Clay Courses. Photos Of Dorset. Paragon Dragon Ceramics And Glass Kilns. Frequently Asked Questions. Frequently Asked Questions. All About Firebricks. Paragon Fusion Glass Kilns. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. TV Programme. Paragon F LampWorking Kilns. Glass. Paragon GL Glass Kilns. Kiln Help. Paragon Home Artist Kilns. Paragon HT Heat-Treating Kilns. Image Transfer Solution. Paragon Janus Ceramics Kilns. Paragon KM Knife-Making Ovens. Kennet Equipment Leasing Limited. Lost-Wax Burnout And Casting. Contact By Mail. West Holme Map. Metal Clay Veneer. About Me. Paragon Pearl Glass Kilns. Kiln Photos. Paragon PMT Heat-Treating Furnaces. Programmers. Paragon SC Jewellery Kilns. Silver Etch. Paragon Kilns Shop. Paragon TNF Ceramics Kilns. Paragon Trio Slumping Kiln. Tumblers And Polishers. TV Programmes. Paragon Viking Ceramics Kilns. Paragon Vitrigraph. Paragon Vulcan Crucible And Glass Kilns. Paragon W Jewellery Kilns. Paragon Xpress Ceramics Kilns.


UK To EU Plug Adapter.
Ceramic Block.
Ceramic Cloth.
EU Plug.
UK-EU Adapter.
Dry Powder Extinguisher.
Glare Resistant Glasses.
HEPA Mask.
heat-resistant Gloves.
Kitiki Cutters.
Kitiki Flush Cutters.
Kitiki Flat-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Pointed-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Bent-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Round-Nose Pliers.
Protective Glasses.
Potter & Brumfield Relay.
Dorset, SW England.
UK 13A Plug.
Large Rubber Drum 950gm Open
The AX-4 Digital Controller.
MiniKiln Closed.
Bartlett-Paragon Touch Screen Digital Controller.
Paragon BlueBird Bead Annealing Kiln.
Lauscha by Carrie Fertig.
Activated Charcoal Granules.
Paragon Caldera Ceramics And Glass Kiln.
Paragon Caldera Bead, Enamels, And Glass Kiln.
Paragon Crucible.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14SB Glass And Bead Kiln.
Paragon Caldera XL Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon F500 Lampwork Kiln.
Paragon FireFly Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln.
Paragon GL18ADTSD Glass Kiln.
Paragon HT-14D Heat Treating Furnace.
Paragon Janus 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon KM18D Knife Making Oven.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Unassembled.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Suction Cup.
Paragon Pearl 18 Glass Kiln.
Paragon PMT21 Heat Treating Kiln.
Paragon Door Peephole And Vent.
Stainless Steel Pans.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2B Bead-Door Kiln.
Paragon SC2W Enamelling Kiln.
Paragon SC4 Glass Kiln.
Paragon SC2BW Jewellery And Bead Kiln.
Paragon SC2D Pro-3 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Shelf Kit.
Paragon SC-2 Jade Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.
Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch-Screen Controller.
Paragon SC-2 Pink Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Pro Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Turqoise Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Purple Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Navy Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Berry Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon ST-8 Kiln Table.
Paragon Kiln Table With Casters.
Paragon TNF 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon GL24 Kiln Table.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Top Row Of Bricks.
Paragon W Lost-Wax Casting Kiln.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray With Grille.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray With Grid.
USB Plug.
Paragon Xpress E-12 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-12B Bead Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Xpress Q-11 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Vitrigraph Kiln.
Prometheus Pro-7.