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Paragon SC2 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing Glass, Art Clay, Enamels, PMC, And Metal Clays. Paragon SC2W PRO Window Oven With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Decals, Enamelling, And Silver Clay. Paragon SC3BW Bead-Door Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Beads, Lost-Wax, And Silver.
Paragon SC2 Paragon SC2W PRO Paragon SC3BW Kilns:Ovens:Furnaces
Paragon SC3 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Lost-Wax, And Metal Clay.
Paragon SC2 PRO Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Beads, Enamelling, Glass Work, PMC, And Silver Clays.
Paragon SC2 PRO Oven With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Bead Annealing, Fusing Glass, And Silver Jewellery.
Paragon SC2 PRO Kiln With A Sentry Controller For Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Annealing, And Silver Clays.
Paragon SC2 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamels, Jewellery-Making, LampWork, And Lost-Wax Burnout.

Paragon SC Kilns For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

Paragon SC2, SC2 PRO, SC3, and SC4 kilns are generally used for silver clays, annealing beads, decals, dichroics, enamelling, fusing glass, lost-wax burnout, casting, moulding, making jewellery, pâte de verre, Art Clay, and PMC, although they have other applications. They're 1095°C or 925°C kilns with digital programmers, in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. Learn about Paragon SC kilns on this page.


There are eight standard versions: the SC2, SC2B, SC2W, and SC2BW, and the larger SC3, SC3B, SC3W, and SC3BW. They're 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top kilns with a ceramic-fibre interior, fast-heat embedded elements, and a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. The B versions have a bead-annealing door, the W versions have a glass viewing-window, and the BW versions have both. The SC2 is probably the UK's most popular small kiln.

There are four PRO versions: the SC2 PRO, SC2B PRO, SC2W PRO, and SC2BW PRO. They're 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top kilns with with ceramic-fibre interiors, fast-heat embedded elements, stainless-steel doors, stay-cool wooden door-handles, soft spring-assisted door latches, silent long-life solid-state electronic relays, and tilted easy-view Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers.

And one large version: the SC4. It's a 925°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top kiln with a ceramic-fibre interior, fast-heat embedded elements, stay-cool wooden door-handle, soft spring-assisted door latch, and Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer.


Prices here are transparent: they're for UK-EU voltage, CE marked, CL CSA approved, and TUV tested kilns, and include a pro shelf kit, comprehensive instructions, UK VAT, and free continuing support from a top-tier international distributor. So you can start work straight away.

For prices, trading terms, and secure on-line shopping, use the shop link below the menu bar near the top-right of any page. The order form is on the shop page, after the price list near the bottom.

Kilns that weigh less than 30kg including the packing only need a regular parcel-service van: delivery is free within the GB-mainland. Kilns that weigh more than 30kg need a tail-lift lorry with a hydraulic pallet trolley. For delivery charges or other locations, check the shop page.

Paragon SC2 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamelling, Glass, Jewellery, And Silver Clays. Paragon SC2B Bead-Door Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Bead-Annealing, Enamels, Glass, And Metal Clays.
Paragon SC2: Blue Paragon SC2B Bead-Door: Blue
Paragon SC2W Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Dichroics, Enamelling, Glass, And Metal Clays. Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamels, Fusing Glass, And PMC.
Paragon SC2W Window: Blue Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window: Blue
Paragon SC2 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Beads, Enamelling, Glass, Lost Wax, And PMC Metal Clays. Paragon SC2W Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, And Jewellery.
Paragon SC2: Navy Paragon SC2W Window: Jade
Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamelling, Glass, And PMC. Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing Beads, Glass, And Metal Clays.
Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window: Berry. Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window: Black
Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamels, Glass, And Jewellery. Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamels, Fusing, And Silver.
Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window: Pink Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window: Purple
Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing Beads, Glass, And Jewellery. Paragon SC2 PRO Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Beads, Enamels, Glass, Lost Wax, And Making Jewellery.
Paragon SC2BW Bead-Door Window: Turquoise Paragon SC2 PRO Side-Door: Black
Paragon SC2 PRO Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Enamelling, Glass Work, And Making Jewellery. Paragon SC2 PRO Oven With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Fusing, Jewellery-Making, Lost Wax, And Melting Silver.
Paragon SC2W PRO Window Side-Door: Black Paragon SC2 PRO Drop-Door: Navy
Paragon SC2 PRO Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Enamels, Glass Work, Lost Wax Burnout, And Making Jewellery. Paragon SC3 Oven With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Glass Work, Lost Wax, Art Clay, PMC, And Metal Clays.
Paragon SC2 PRO Side-Door: Black Paragon SC3: Blue.
Paragon SC3B Bead-Door Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamels, Glass, And Making Jewellery. Paragon SC3W Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Enamels, Fusing, Glass, And Jewellery-Making.
Paragon SC3B Bead-Door: Blue Paragon SC3W Window: Blue
Paragon SC3BW Bead-Door Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamelling, And Fusing. Paragon SC4 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Glass Fusing, Jewellery, And Lost Wax Burnout.
Paragon SC3BW Bead-Door Window: Blue Paragon SC4: Blue
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Controller.
Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer Paragon Sentry Programmer

If you want to look at specific SC kilns and don't need to read any general introductions, compare or review the main features, or consider other kilns, use the button below to jump down the page. I'll start with the smallest.

Click To Jump To The SC Kilns.

A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE PARAGON SC2, SC2 PRO, SC3, AND SC4 KILNS

OPTIONAL READING
Paragon SC2 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamels, Fusing Glass, Jewellery, And Silver Clays. Paragon SC2B Bead-Door Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamelling, Fusing, And Metal Clays. Paragon SC2 PRO Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Art Clay, PMC, Fusing Glass, And Lost Wax. Paragon SC4 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Jewellery, And Lost Wax.
Paragon SC2 Paragon SC2B Paragon SC2W PRO Paragon SC4

Paragon SC Kilns For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

Paragon SC2, SC2 PRO, SC3, and SC4 kilns are generally used for metal clays, bead annealing, decals, dichroics, enamels, glass fusing, lost-wax casting, melting, moulding, jewellery making, pâte de verre, Art Clay, and PMC, although they have other applications.


There are eight standard versions: the SC2, SC2B, SC2W, and SC2BW, and the larger SC3, SC3B, SC3W, and SC3BW. They're 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top kilns with a ceramic-fibre interior, fast-heat embedded elements, and a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. The B versions have a bead-annealing door, the W versions have a glass viewing-window, and the BW versions have both. The SC2 is probably the UK's most popular small kiln.

There are four PRO versions: the SC2 PRO, SC2B PRO, SC2W PRO, and SC2BW PRO. They're 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top kilns with with a ceramic-fibre interior, fast-heat embedded elements, a stainless-steel door, stay-cool wooden door-handle, soft spring-assisted door latch, silent long-life solid-state electronic relay, and a tilted easy-view Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer.

And one large version: the SC4. It's a 925°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top kiln with a ceramic-fibre interior, fast-heat embedded elements, stay-cool wooden door-handle, spring-assisted door latch, and Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer.


Paragon's US kiln names often include numbers or letters which represent dimensions in inches, not mm, or features or version numbers.

For the SC kilns, the numbers 2, 3, and 4 don't represent any dimension: they're just model numbers. So rely on the descriptions here.

Every version is described in detail below so, although there's a comparative table and photos, I recommend that you set aside some time and read about them.


This internet resource is very comprehensive so is much easier to use on a computer than on a tablet or a phone. If you want to compare different kilns you could print the relevant pages. They should print correctly on A4 paper but check first in Print Preview so that nothing goes missing, particularly if you normally use wide margins. Fast or economy print will use less ink.


The SC2 is probably the most popular kiln in the UK so it's in classrooms, craft centres, jewellery studios, and workshops. It's easy to use, portable, plug in, programmable, and versatile so, within its size and temperature limits, it'll do most things for most people. Even when people buy larger kilns they always find uses for their SC2.

Sometimes, an SC2 or SC3 has been advertised as a bead-annealing kiln. However, neither has a bead door so look at the SC2B, SC2B PRO, SC3B, or Xpress E12B.


Yours can be in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise: although customised kilns are made to order, so can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly as in the photo.


They have the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

For the SC2 PRO and SC4, the Sentry Xpress 3-key can be upgraded to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, in my opinion, for a kiln of this size, it's more of a preference than a useful upgrade.

Alternatively, you can choose an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features are similar to those of the Sentry 12-key but include real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.

When the programmer turns the elements off at, for example, 700°C, internal residual heat will continue to increase the temperature briefly. A small kiln might overshoot to 715°C before dropping back down. The SC's programmer software slows down the heating just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.

Digital programmers allow you to set up sequences, each one with multiple heating, holding, or cooling segments: so you can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them.

Being able to create, edit, and save your own programmes is important because, having experimented and diversified, most people fire materials, or combinations of materials, at different temperatures and for different times than are recommended.


The fast-heat elements are embedded in one-piece rigidised ceramic-fibre muffles. As they're not exposed, the kilns don't need door cut-off switches, normally a UK-EU legal safety requirement, so if you open them to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements will stay on and the kilns won't lose heat quickly. And rigidised ceramic-fibre, unlike firebricks, is dust free.


The US-international SC2 and SC3 kiln doors have ball-catches. As the kiln heats up and the metalwork expands, the catches can become too loose and not keep the door fully closed, or too tight making it easy to disturb your work whilst pushing the door closed or pulling it open: and you'll need a free hand to hold the hot kiln steady. Ours have exclusive, easy, reliable, and adjustable lever-style door latches.

A quote from a user: As an enameller, the standard SC2 ball-catch is so tight that it jogs the kiln when you open and close it. This can lead to spilled enamels. There's almost no useful adjustment and, if the tiny ball falls out it will probably disappear.


The SC2 PRO versions have a silent long-life solid-state relay mounted on an aluminium heat-sink. They have no moving parts and the input and output are electrically and mechanically isolated.

They have special-limit nickel-chromium K-type thermocouples. These respond quickly to changes in temperature, resist corrosion, and have an error margin of less than 0.4% instead of the typical 0.8%. However, for continual high-temperature high-precision professional use, they can be upgraded to platinum-rhodium S-types with an error margin of about 0.1%.


The US-international SC2, SC2 PRO, and SC3 kilns come with a small thin fibre shelf, but no posts. However, so you can start work straight away, our UK-EU kilns come with a pro shelf kit included in the price: a solid tough cordierite shelf and four shelf props. It isn't a £35 extra.

A durable heavy cordierite shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, fusing, and heat treating as the elements turn on and off.

A UK reseller recommended using one shelf on three 50mm posts, not four 12mm. 50mm posts waste internal space and the shelf, with your work, balanced on three posts might tip: there's a good reason why chairs and tables have four legs.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, checks, adjustments, and repairs are simple, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver: watch the on-line videos using the watch-videos link or read the help pages using use the help link, both below the menu bar near the top of any page. Alternatively, we can service the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.

Although the SC kilns are very reliable, should you need parts we normally have relays, thermocouples, heating muffles, programmers, and shelf kits in stock: even small parts such as screws, door hinges, bits of wire, and element connectors.

APPLICATIONS: WHAT CAN I DO WITH A PARAGON SC KILN?

OPTIONAL READING
Enamelled Broach. Silver Clay Pendant. Dichroic Earrings. Glass Beads.
Enamelled Broach Silver Clay Pendant Dichroic Earrings Glass Beads

Paragon SC Kilns For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

You can use these kilns for making jewellery, annealing beads and glass, painting china, applying decals, dental work, fusing dichroic glasses, enamelling, fire polishing, glass art, glass casting, fusing, sagging, and slumping, glass clays, heat treating, knife making, laboratory testing, lampwork, lost-wax casting, low-fire ceramics, melting gold and silver, firing bronze and copper metal clays, moulding gun and model parts, pâte de verre, sintering gold and silver clays, staining glass, hardening and tempering blades, cutters, dies, and tools, wax burn out, and many other materials and processes.

Small kilns are perfect for jewellery-making, so you can use most popular small-scale materials such as Accent Gold, Art Clay metal clays, BullsEye glasses, dichroic glasses, enamels, GlasClay, Image Transfer Solution, Metal Clay Veneer, PMC silver clay, Prometheus bronze clay, ProCopper clay, and SilverEtch.
And there's an increasingly diverse range of other metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, and PMC Sterling.

You can make beads, bowls, bracelets, brooches, candle holders, chandelier parts, charms, decorations, earrings, figurines, fingerprint keepsakes, glass-art, jewellery, miniatures, gun and model components, necklaces, ornaments, pendants, pet-id tags, rings, souvenirs, stained-glass designs, tableware, thimbles, tiaras, tiles, tools, and trinkets, as unique hand-crafted pieces or repeatable stock for sale.


They're ideal for a community arts workshop, course venue, dental practice, drop-in craft class, engineering workshop, home business, jewellery studio, medical laboratory, research facility, school, or technical facility.

IS A PARAGON SC KILN THE BEST CHOICE?

OPTIONAL READING
Paragon SC2 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamels, Fusing Glass, Jewellery, And Silver Clays. Paragon SC2 Bead-Door Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Enamelling, Fusing, And Metal Clays. Paragon SC2 PRO Window Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Art Clay, PMC, Fusing Glass, And Lost Wax. Paragon SC4 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Jewellery, And Lost Wax.
Paragon SC2 Paragon SC2B Paragon SC2W PRO Paragon SC4

Is A Paragon SC2 Kiln Going To Be The Best Overall Choice?

The SC kilns are hot enough to work with most materials and processes, except ceramics and porcelain, within their size and temperature limits. However, if you think that a top-opener, larger, or hotter kiln might be more versatile, here are some suggestions:


Bead-annealing kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 650°C. For these, look at the BlueBird. However, other kilns have bead doors: the small 1290°C Caldera B and 1095°C SC2B, the medium 1290°C Xpress E12B, and the larger 925°C Fusion 14B. These are all hotter than the BlueBird, so more versatile.

Glass kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 925°C. For these, look at the F Series, Fusion:CS Series, GL Series, or Pearl Series. These are not hot enough for ceramics and porcelain.

Jewellery, silver clay, and enamelling kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C. For these, look at the small SC Series or the medium Xpress Series. The SC series are not hot enough for ceramics and porcelain.

Vitrigraph kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C. For these, look at the small Caldera or the medium Vitrigraph.

Ceramics kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. For these, look at the small Caldera Series and FireFly Series, medium Xpress Series, or large Janus Series, PMT Series, and TNF Series. These can also be used for glass work.

Heat-treating kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C or 1290°C. For these, look at the HT Series and PMT Series. Although they look similar, the HT has a bottom-hinged door and the PMT has a side-hinged door.

Knife-making kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. The KM Series are made for depth rather than width. You can choose a guillotine, drop-down, or a side-hinged door.

The W Series are usually used for jewellery moulds and lost-wax burnout and casting. They have top vents, and the programmer includes three lost-wax burnout pre-sets: EL wax elimination, 5-hour burnout, and 12-hour burnout. There are optional wax trays. The small SC Series and most of the medium Xpress Series also have top vents.


To learn more about these and other kilns, use the appropriate links below the menu bar near the top of the page. And remember that each series has kilns of different sizes with different options.


VERSION DESCRIPTION MAX °C WATTS KG INTERIOR INTERIOR SIZE MM
SC2 1095 1680 16 ceramic-fibre square 199 x 203 x 145
SC2B bead-door 1095 1680 16 ceramic-fibre square 199 x 203 x 145
SC2W window 1095 1680 16 ceramic-fibre square 199 x 203 x 145
SC2BW bead-door and window 1095 1680 16 ceramic-fibre square 199 x 203 x 145
SC2 PRO bead-door and window options 1095 1680 22 ceramic-fibre square 199 x 203 x 145
SC3 1095 2000 18 ceramic-fibre square 201 x 197 x 200
SC3B bead-door 1095 2000 18 ceramic-fibre square 201 x 197 x 200
SC3W window 1095 2000 18 ceramic-fibre square 201 x 197 x 200
SC3BW bead-door and window 1095 2000 18 ceramic-fibre square 201 x 197 x 200
SC4 925 2400 49 ceramic-fibre square 330 x 330 x 229
BlueBird two bead-doors 650 1500 22 ceramic-fibre rectangular 508 x 152 x 070
BlueBird XL two bead-doors 815 1700 41 ceramic-fibre rectangular 508 x 203 x 114
Caldera bead-door and window options 1290 1800 20 firebrick square 203 x 203 x 171
Fusion CS14S bead-door and window options 925 1800 84 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Xpress E12 bead-door and window options 1290 2200 38 firebrick rectangular 192 x 293 x 209

THE PARAGON SC2

SILVER CLAYS, DICHROICS, ENAMELLING, ANNEALING, GLASS FUSING, AND LOST WAX

The Paragon SC2 For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

Paragon SC2 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Silver Clay, Enamels, And Glass Fusing. Paragon SC2 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Metal Clays, Enamelling, And Fusing Glass . Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC2 Paragon SC2 Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC2 is a 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, ceramic-fibre kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's US kiln names often include numbers or letters which represent dimensions in inches, not mm, or features or version numbers. However, for the SC2, the number 2 doesn't mean it's 2 inches anywhere. It's just a version number, so rely on the description here. It's about 8 inches wide, 8 inches deep, and 5.7 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1680W, so it can use a regular mains socket. The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 336mm x 311mm x 400mm high. The case has slots for air circulation, an integral stand with four rubber feet, and a top vent with a removable stopper for lost-wax burnout and casting and other processes that might release fumes. The door opens 180° for easy safe access, and has our exclusive, reliable, adjustable door latch. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 16kg.

The firing chamber measures 199mm x 203mm x 145mm high, and heats from both sides, with the fast-firing elements safely embedded in the fibre. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door in the door: the SC2B, described below
List. a 50mmx 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the door: the SC2W, described below
List. a silent long-life solid-state electronic relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic-fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The SC2 is a 1095°C kiln so it's hot enough to work with most materials and processes, except ceramics and porcelain, within its size and temperature limits. It's probably the UK's most popular small kiln: we've been selling them since 2003.

It's small enough to get out, use, and put away, it can stand anywhere, at 1680W it heats up quickly, and it has safely embedded elements: so it's popular for classes, craft centres, jewellery studios, or home businesses, especially as it can use a regular 13A socket.


It has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

It comes in eight colours, the door opens 180° for easy access, the top vent is great for lost wax burnout, it has a pro shelf kit, and there's no GB mainland delivery charge.

The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. As they're not exposed, the kiln doesn't need a door-activated cut-off switch so, if you open it to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements will stay on and the kiln won't lose heat quickly.

Although the regular SC2 door doesn't have a bead-door or a window, you can still put bead mandrels on props and shut the door completely, or open the door briefly to check on your work. Or look at the SC2B, SC2W, and SC2BW described below.


Finally, a few quotes from users:

I've travelled with my SC2 for 11 years, teaching classes. Sometimes I have to use hot gloves to put the kiln in my car, wrap it in a blanket, and drive to another county. And then fire it over and over again, day after day: the kiln can take it! Whilst I'm sure it wouldn't mind an easier life, it's doing fine.

I've used my SC2 since 2007 to teach classes to thousands of students, as well as firing my own work for sale, running on-line classes, and illustrating magazine articles. As a popular metal-clay teacher with an international reputation, I've always recommended the SC2 to my students.

I've been teaching silver clay for 13 years. I've always known Paragon kilns to be reliable and tell my students that they're the best buy.

THE PARAGON SC2: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Caldera, E9, E10, FireFly, SC2, SC2 PRO, SC3, Xpress E9, and Xpress E10. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.
Kitiki Pro Shelf Kit Kitiki Charcoal Pan Kitiki Charcoal Granules Kitiki Wax Tray

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Caldera, E9, E10, FireFly, SC2, SC2 PRO, SC3, Xpress E9, and Xpress E10.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts: just a thin small fibre square. However, so you can start work straight away, there's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 178mm x 178mm x 15mm cordierite shelf and four 12mm shelf posts. It's not a £35 extra.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, or 50mm props.


However you arrange several shelves and their props, make sure that you don't box in the thermocouple or have the top shelf higher than the top element. If you need a little extra height, just put the bottom shelf in without its posts. Remember to use kiln wash on the shelves: but not on the ceramic fibre interior.

Whatever you choose, don't work directly on the floor of the firing chamber as any accidentally melted clay, glass, or metal will ruin the fibre.

A UK reseller recommended using one shelf on three 50mm posts, not four 12mm. 50mm posts waste internal space and the shelf, with your work, balanced on three posts might tip: there is a good reason why chairs and tables have four legs.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a 1-litre charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 178mm x 178mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a raised metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the firing chamber. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamelling, and fusing glass.

THE PARAGON SC2B: BEAD DOOR ANNEALING BEADS, ENAMELLING, FUSING GLASS, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon SC2B Kiln With Bead Door And A Sentry Xpress Controller For Bead Annealing. Paragon SC2B Kiln With Bead Door And A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing Beads. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC2B Paragon SC2B Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC2B For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon SC2B door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box-style bead-annealing door and a 5-place mandrel holder. Otherwise, it's the same as the SC2 door.


The bead door is hinged along the top edge and opens outwards. The bead mandrels, or rods, holding your glass beads, are pushed through the bead door and rest on the mandrel holder, so that an annealing programme can toughen the glass.

The bead door can also be used to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress, or to adjust or move pieces of work. It gives you a wider view than a window, but the kiln will heat unevenly if you keep it fully open for too long.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, or anything else in the kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your fingers. Hot gloves are in the on-line shop.

If you look into a red-hot kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. Hot glasses are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON SC2W: WINDOW ART CLAY AND PMC, ENAMELLING, AND ANNEALING AND FUSING GLASS
Paragon SC2W Kiln With A Window And A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamelling And Fusing. Paragon SC2W Kiln With A Window And A Sentry Xpress Controller For Enamels And Fusing. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC2W Paragon SC2W Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC2W For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The SC2W door includes a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the centre. Otherwise it's the same as the SC2 door. The window allows you to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress: and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during firing.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. Hot glasses are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON SC2BW: BEAD DOOR AND WINDOW BEADS, ENAMELLING, FUSING GLASS, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon SC2BW Kiln With A Bead-Door, Window, And Sentry Xpress Controller For Beads, Enamels, And Jewellery. Paragon SC2BW Kiln With A Bead-Door, Window, And Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Enamels, And Glass. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC2BW Paragon SC2BW Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC2BW For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon SC2BW door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box-style bead-annealing door, a 5-place mandrel holder, and a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window above the bead door. Otherwise, it's the same as the SC2 door.


The SC2BW is the most versatile of the SC2 series, combining the advantages of the SC2B and the SC2W described above. It's a good choice if it's your first kiln and you're not sure what you might want to do with it in the future.

Even if you don't use the bead door and window very often as you gain experience, they do make learning easier and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during firing.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, or anything else in the kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your fingers. Hot gloves are in the on-line shop.

If you look into a red-hot kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. Hot glasses are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON SC2 PRO-3

ART CLAY AND PMC, ENAMELLING, AND ANNEALING AND FUSING GLASS
Paragon SC2 PRO-3 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamelling, Jewellery, Lost Wax, And Metal Clays. Paragon SC2 PRO-3 Window Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Enamelling, Fusing Glass, And Making Jewellery. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Controller.
Paragon SC2 PRO-3 Paragon SC2W PRO-3 Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC2 PRO-3 For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The SC2 PRO-3 kiln is a 5-star luxury design classic, with a stainless-steel door, stay-cool wooden door-handle, soft spring-loaded door catch, silent long-life solid-state electronic relay, and tilted easy-view ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Otherwise, it's similar to the SC2 described above.

As with the regular SC2, the B version has a bead-annealing door, the W version has a glass viewing-window, and the BW version has both.


A quote from a user: The door has a smooth hinge and a nice big handle that doesn't get hot: the PRO is worth the extra for the door alone. The new design needs no fiddling with latches: it opens and closes smoothly. Unlike the standard electro-mechanical relay, the solid state relay doesn't make a sound while in use so the SC2 PRO is quiet. The slanted front panel means no bending down to set or check programmes.

THE PARAGON SC2D PRO-3 ART CLAY AND PMC, ENAMELLING, AND ANNEALING AND FUSING GLASS
Paragon SC2D PRO-3 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Enamels, Jewellery, Lost Wax, And Silver Clays.  Paragon SC2D PRO-3 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Enamelling, Jewellery, Lost Wax, And Metal Clays. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC2 PRO-3 Paragon SC2 PRO-3 Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC2D PRO-3 For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The SC2D PRO-3 is a stylish kiln with a stainless-steel drop-door, stay-cool wooden door-handle, silent long-life solid-state electronic relay, and tilted easy-view ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Otherwise, it's similar to the SC2.

As with the regular SC2, the B version has a bead-annealing door, the W version has a glass viewing-window, and the BW version has both.

THE PARAGON SC2 PRO-12

ART CLAY AND PMC, ENAMELLING, AND ANNEALING AND FUSING GLASS
Paragon SC2 PRO-12 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Enamelling, Glass, Lost Wax Casting, And Jewellery. Blank. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Controller.
Paragon SC2 PRO-12 Colour Choices Sentry

The Paragon SC2 PRO-12 For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The SC2 PRO-12 kiln is a 5-star luxury design classic, with a stainless-steel door, stay-cool wooden door-handle, soft spring-loaded door catch, silent long-life solid-state electronic relay, and tilted easy-view ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Otherwise, it's similar to the SC2.


The kiln normally has an enhanced Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Features include thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

You can upgrade to an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features are similar to those of the Sentry 12-key but include real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a preference.


As with the regular SC2, the B version has a bead-annealing door, the W version has a glass viewing-window, and the BW version has both. You can choose a drop-down door or a side-hinged.

THE PARAGON SC3

ART CLAY AND PMC, ENAMELLING, ANNEALING, AND FUSING GLASS, AND LOST WAX
Paragon SC3 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamelling, Glass Fusing, Lost Wax, And Silver Clays. Blank. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC3 Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC3 For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon SC3 is a 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, ceramic-fibre kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's US kiln names often include numbers or letters which represent dimensions in inches, not mm, or features or version numbers. However, for the SC3, the number 3 doesn't mean it's 2 inches anywhere. It's just a version number, so rely on the description here. It's about 8 inches wide, 8 inches deep, and 8 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2000W, so it can use a regular mains socket. The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 336mm x 311mm x 432mm high. The case has slots for air circulation, an integral stand with four rubber feet, and a top vent with a removable stopper for lost-wax burnout and casting and other processes that might release fumes. The door opens 180° for easy safe access, and has our exclusive, reliable, adjustable door latch. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 18kg.

The firing chamber measures 201mm x 197mm x 200mm high, and heats from both sides, with the fast-firing elements safely embedded in the fibre. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door in the door: the SC3B, described below
List. a 50mmx 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the door: the SC3W, described below
List. a silent long-life solid-state electronic relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic-fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The SC3 is a 1095°C kiln so it's hot enough to work with most materials and processes, except ceramics and porcelain, within its size and temperature limits. It's 50mm taller inside than the SC2 so can take three shelves.

It's small enough to get out, use, and put away, it can stand anywhere, at 2000W it heats up quickly, and has safely embedded elements: so it's popular for classes, craft centres, jewellery studios, or home businesses especially, as it can use a regular 13A socket.


It has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Features include twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

It comes in eight colours, the door opens 180° for easy access, the top vent is great for lost wax burnout, it has a pro shelf kit, and there's no GB mainland delivery charge.

The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. As they're not exposed, the kiln doesn't need a door-activated cut-off switch so, if you open it to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements will stay on and the kiln won't lose heat quickly.

Although the regular SC3 door doesn't have a bead-door or a window, you can still put bead mandrels on props and shut the door completely, or open the door briefly to check on your work. Or look at the SC3B, SC3W, and SC3BW described below.


Finally, a quote from a user: I have my own jewellery business so use a diverse range of materials. Also, over the weekends, I run Art Clay silver clay courses. I often have a lot of pieces that need the same firing programme so, for economy and to save time, I use three shelves and more or less fill them. I experimented with four but the top one didn't get enough direct radiant heat from the side elements.

THE PARAGON SC3: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Caldera, E-9, E-10, FireFly, SC2, SC2 PRO, SC3, Xpress E-9, and Xpress E-10. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.
Kitiki Pro Shelf Kit Kitiki Charcoal Pan Kitiki Charcoal Granules Kitiki Wax Tray

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Caldera, E9, E10, FireFly, SC2, SC2 PRO, SC3, Xpress E9, and Xpress E10.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts: just a thin small fibre square. However, so you can start work straight away, there's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 178mm x 178mm x 15mm cordierite shelf and four 12mm shelf posts. It's not a £35 extra.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, or 50mm props.


However you arrange several shelves and their props, make sure that you don't box in the thermocouple or have the top shelf higher than the top element. If you need a little extra height, just put the bottom shelf in without its posts. Remember to use kiln wash on the shelves: but not on the ceramic fibre interior.

Whatever you choose, don't work directly on the floor of the firing chamber as any accidentally melted clay, glass, or metal will ruin the fibre.

A UK reseller recommended using one shelf on three 50mm posts, not four 12mm. 50mm posts waste internal space and the shelf, with your work, balanced on three posts might tip: there is a good reason why chairs and tables have four legs.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a 1-litre charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 178mm x 178mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a raised metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the firing chamber. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamelling, and fusing glass.

THE PARAGON SC3B: BEAD DOOR ANNEALING BEADS, ENAMELLING, FUSING GLASS, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon SC3B Kiln With Bead Door And A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Bead-Annealing And Glass Work. Blank. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC3B Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC3B For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon SC3B door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box-style bead-annealing door and a 5-place mandrel holder. Otherwise, it's the same as the SC3 door.


The bead door is hinged along the top edge and opens outwards. The bead mandrels, or rods, holding your glass beads, are pushed through the bead door and rest on the mandrel holder, so that an annealing programme can toughen the glass.

The bead door can also be used to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress, or to adjust or move pieces of work. It gives you a wider view than a window, but the kiln will heat unevenly if you keep it fully open for too long.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, or anything else in the kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your fingers. Hot gloves are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON SC3W: WINDOW ART CLAY AND PMC, ENAMELLING, AND ANNEALING AND FUSING GLASS
Paragon SC3W Kiln With A Window And A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamelling And Fusing Glass. Blank. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC3W Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC3W For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The SC3W door includes a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the centre. Otherwise it's the same as the SC3 door. The window allows you to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress: and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during firing.

If you look into a red-hot kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. Hot glasses are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON SC3BW: BEAD DOOR AND WINDOW BEADS, ENAMELLING, FUSING GLASS, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon SC3BW Kiln With A Bead Door, A Window, And A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads And Jewellery-Making. Blank. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Digital Programmer.
Paragon SC3BW Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC3BW For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Casting, Low-Fire Ceramics, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon SC3BW door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box-style bead-annealing door, a 5-place mandrel holder, and a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window above the bead door. Otherwise, it's the same as the SC3 door.


The SC3BW is the most versatile of the SC3 series, combining the advantages of the SC3B and the SC3W described above. It's a good choice if it's your first kiln and you're not sure what you might want to do with it in the future.

Even if you don't use the bead door and window very often as you gain experience, they do make learning easier and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during firing.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, or anything else in the kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves to protect your fingers. Hot gloves are in the on-line shop.

If you look into a red-hot kiln, even very briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. Hot glasses are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON SC4

SILVER CLAYS, ANNEALING, ENAMELLING, GLASS FUSING, AND LOST WAX BURNOUT
Paragon SC4 J14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Enamels, Glass, Jewellery, Lost Wax, And Silver Clays. Blank. Paragon Blue Or Customised Berry, Black, Jade, Navy, Pink, Purple, Or Turquoise. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon SC4 Colour Choices Sentry Xpress

The Paragon SC4 J14 Kiln For Art Clay, PMC, Jewellery, Annealing Beads, Dichroics, Enamels, Glass Fusing, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping, Lost-Wax Burnout And Casting, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon SC4 is a 925°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, ceramic-fibre kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's US kiln names often include numbers or letters which represent dimensions in inches, not mm, or features or version numbers. However, for the SC4, the number 4 doesn't mean it's 4 inches anywhere. It's just a version number, so rely on the description here. It's about 13 inches wide, 13 inches deep, and 9 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 457mm x 546mm x 521mm high. The case has slots for air circulation, an integral stand with four rubber feet, two lifting handles on opposite sides, and a top vent with a removable stopper for lost wax burnout and casting and other processes that might release fumes. The door has a spring-assisted door latch and opens 180° for easy access. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 50kg.

The firing chamber measures 330mm x 330mm x 229mm high, and heats from both sides, with the elements safely embedded in the fibre. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The options, upgrades, and accessories for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a gas injection flow meter with a controlling solenoid: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key or touch
List. a silent long-life solid-state electronic relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic-fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

EXTRACTS FROM REVIEWS, AND MY OPINION

Reviews And Opinions.

The Paragon SC4 is a 925°C kiln and will do most things for most people within its size and temperature limits. It's large enough for 280mm diameter bowls and plates and 190mm high pots and vases. At 2400W it heats quickly and will reach its maximum temperature easily even if the elements age or the local voltage drops.

It's very versatile: you can anneal beads and glass, paint china, use enamels, cast, fuse, mould, sag, and slump glass, make glass bowls, plates, and vases, design stained glass panels, do lost-wax burnout and casting, create jewellery, use jewellery moulds, make large square glass tiles, and fire lots of metal clay on three shelves.


It normally has the popular Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Features include up to twenty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments.

You can upgrade to an enhanced Sentry 12-key. Features include up to thirty-five free-to-set sequences, each one with up to twenty segments, and automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. In my opinion, unless you need these options, it's more of a preference than a useful upgrade.

Alternatively, you can choose an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Its features are similar to those of the Sentry 12-key but include real-time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi connectivity: so a functional upgrade not just a preference.


Unlike the 1095°C SC2, SC2 PRO, and SC3, it's a 925°C kiln but, as it's 330mm x 330mm x 229mm high inside, it's about 4.26 times larger in volume than the SC2 and SC2 PRO. But it still only needs a regular mains socket.


The elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: a UK-EU legal safety requirement. As they're not exposed, the kiln doesn't need a door-activated cut-off switch so, if you open it to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements will stay on and the kiln won't lose heat quickly.


Although Paragon doesn't make this kiln with a bead door or a window, you can still put bead mandrels on props and shut the door completely, or open the door briefly to check on your work.


Finally, a quote from a user: This kiln is great for annealing glass, jewellery moulds, lost-wax burnout and casting, and metal clays. For a plug-in kiln, it's a good size and, like all ceramic-fibre kilns, it heats up quickly.

THE PARAGON SC4: KILN FURNITURE
Paragon Shelf Kits For The CS14, E14, Fusion 14, J14, SC4, Xpress E14, And Xpress J14. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Lost Wax Burnout, Casting, And Enamelling Tray.
Kitiki Pro Shelf Kit Kitiki Charcoal Pan Kitiki Charcoal Granules Kitiki Wax Tray

Shelf Kits For The Paragon CS14, E14, Fusion 14, J14, SC4, Xpress E14, And Xpress J14.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash. However, so you can start work straight away, there's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 305mm x 305mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash. It's not a £50 extra.

The pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 305mm x 305mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props.


However you arrange several shelves and their props, make sure that you don't box in the thermocouple or have the top shelf higher than the top element. If you need a little extra height, just put the bottom shelf in without its posts. Remember to use kiln wash on the shelves: but not on the ceramic fibre interior.

Half-sizes or other sizes might be easier to move, arrange, and stack if you want to make several pieces each with different dimensions or irregular shapes.

Whatever you choose, don't work directly on the floor of the firing chamber as any accidentally melted clay, glass, or metal will ruin the firebricks.


The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.


The lost-wax burnout tray for this kiln measures 305mm x 305mm x 25mm. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits into the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The tray and mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

RECOMMENDED READING FOR BEGINNERS
General Help and FAQs For Kilns. Paragon Kilns Shelf Kit. Paragon Relay. Paragon Transformer.
Help 01929:552063 Pro Shelf Kit Electro-Mechanical Relay Transformer

Kilns, Digital Programmers, Kiln Furniture, Options, Upgrades, Firing, Kiln Logs, Accessories, Materials, Parts, Processes, Repairs, And Tools.

Cherry Heaven has been a top-tier international distributor for Paragon kilns, ovens, and furnaces since 2002, and commended every year for outstanding performance. Paragon kilns are good value: buy Paragons and you could save enough to treat yourself to a luxury five-star weekend break.

Anyone can buy a kiln to resell and call themselves a specialist, but a top-tier distributor understands all the kilns, options, and upgrades, will stock spares, offers free competent technical support, can help you repair your kiln, provides on-line repair videos, has a repair workshop, and can access Paragon's extensive knowledge-base.

If you need help, you can mail an experienced technician or call . Alternatively, to learn more about how your kiln works, use the help link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO GLASS AND GEMS

Obsidian. Fish. Curved Glass by Infabbrica. Lauscha By Carrie Fertig.

What Is Glass?

The main component of glass is silicon dioxide, often called silica: found naturally and plentifully as sand. When it melts, at around 1700°C, it's like syrup on a cold day. When it cools, it forms a rigid brittle glass called quartz glass.

To lower the melting point, and reduce the cost of melting, chemicals are added: typically sodium carbonate and calcium oxide. Other chemicals, and different heating and cooling processes, produce a range of colours and mechanical properties.

Chemically, glass is defined as an amorphous solid but, as it's heated, it becomes softer allowing it to be blown, cast, coated, decorated, engraved, heat-treated, moulded, poured, pressed, sagged, and slumped.

A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a hard black-to-brown glassy type of stone, shown in the photo. Although it was used decoratively, when it fractures it has very sharp edges, many times sharper than a steel knife-edge, so was also used for tools and weapons: and the pitiful rituals of circumcision and female genital mutilation.

ANNEALING
Annealed Beads Made Into A Necklace.

What Is Annealing?

Very briefly, annealing generally involves heating glass or metal to it's annealing point, maintaining a specific temperature for a set time, and then cooling it to room temperature.

During annealing, fabrication stresses are relieved as the molecules cool and arrange themselves into a regular stable matrix. Successful annealing is the key to creating work that will remain attractive and durable. It can be quite a long process, and involve multiple phases, so a kiln with an automatic comprehensive programmer is essential.

FREE BEAD ANNEALING GUIDE

A Bead Annealing Guide.

You can download, and print, a Bead Annealing Guide. Paragon created it in 2013 so it's only a guide, not a contemporary definitive document. Click here. It's a pdf file, but your device should already have a pdf viewer.

BOILED GLASS
Boiled Glass.

Glass scraps, with optional bubble powder, are put in a tray or a mould and heated. As the temperature increases the glasses begin to bubble. The bubbles mix the colours and give a natural organic appearance. The glasses need to be compatible as different colours and expansion coefficient might not work, so the boiled glass technique needs experiment and practice.

You increase the temperature at about 300°C per hour to 925°C with no bubble squeeze and soak for 10–15 minutes. Then allow the kiln to drop the temperature as fast as possible to about 815°C and soak there for around 30 minutes to allow the little bubbles to rise to the surface and burst. Then reduce to the annealing temperature and soak for the thickness you calculated in preparation for the firing.

CUBIC ZIRCONIA
Cubic Zirconia.

What Are Cubic Zirconia.

Cubic Zirconia is the most popular substitute for a diamond because they look almost dentical. Cubic Zirconia or CZ, is made from zirconium dioxide which comes closer than any other gem to matching the characteristics of a diamond. It's not quite as hard as diamond and is slightly less sparkly but displays more prismatic fire with more colour sparkles within the gem, especially if metal oxides are added during the production process.

Caring for CZ is important because they are more brittle than diamonds and susceptible to wear and tear such as chipping and scratches over time.

DECALS
Rose By Arwen Moore Design.

What Are Decals?

A decal or transfer is an image or pattern printed on a ceramic, cloth, paper, or plastic substrate that can be moved on to another surface, usually with the aid of water and heat.

A wet decal can be slid into position, allowed to dry, and then heated in a kiln. Most ceramic decals come with a cone number for easy firing, typically cone 022. The programmer on the Paragon Fusion 7XL has pre-set cone numbers as well as the normal ramp-hold options used for general glass work.

Decals are a quick and fun way to decorate bottles, glasses, and vases, as most low-fire ceramic decals and low-fire glass decals will work very well, even on float glass.

DIAMONDS
Diamond.

What Are Diamonds?

Diamonds are not a form of glass: they're naturally occurring gems composed of carbon atoms arranged in a very regular pattern.

Between 1 billion to 3.3 billion years ago, simple carbon containing trace minerals was transformed into diamonds by heat and pressure at depths of over 100 miles below the earth’s surface. We can’t mine down far enough to reach the earth’s mantle but fortunately volcanic eruptions brought the diamonds closer to the surface. They're extremely hard and until recently were regarded as the world's hardest natural material.

Although diamonds are extremely expensive, their price is governed by carat, cut, colour, and clarity. It’s very rare to find a diamond that doesn’t contain flaws: however the impurities, and internal refraction and dispersion of light, give diamonds their brilliance.


Synthetic diamonds are manufactured and are identical in hardness, dispersion, gravity, refraction and chemical composition to the highest quality mined diamonds available. Whereas a one-carat top quality diamond would cost thousands of pounds to buy, the same quality man-made diamond could be made for less than £5.

This will obviously have a huge impact on the diamond industry over the next few years as when comparing a cultured and mined diamond side by side they are virtually undistinguishable. A bit like pearls, they can be grown from a single crystal using chemical vapor deposition.

DICHROIC GLASS
Dichroic Glass.

What Are Dichroic Glasses.

Dichroic glass has two different colours: a transmitted colour and a reflective colour, both of which change depending on the angle of view. For example blue-red will be blue in transmission and red in reflection.

During manufacture, quartz and metal oxides are vapourised onto the surface of the glass using a vacuum deposition process, forming a multi-layer crystal structure.

ENAMELLING
Enamelled Jewellery.

What Is Enamelling?

Enamelling involves applying a glass paste to metal and then heating it to fuse it to the surface. The finish of the enamel can be translucent or opaque depending on the temperature used to melt the glass. Higher temperatures result in a more transparent and durable enamel whilst lower temperatures give a more opaque and fragile surface. Dyes and pigments can be included to produce any colour.

The Paragon SC2 is ideal for enamelling, although other kilns are fine. So click the sc2-sc3:jewellery link below the menu bar near the top of the page. The SC-2W and SC-3W doors include a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the centre of the door, allowing you to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress

FIRE POLISHING
Fire Polished Glass.

What Is Fire Polishing?

To fire polish glass, return the items to the kiln and melt them just enough to give a smooth polished appearance. It needs a temperature of around 700°C, and is often used to round the edges of glass after fusing.

Fire polishing already-slumped items is more difficult because the polishing temperature is close to the slumping temperature and it can distort the appearance of the piece. So it generally works best for flat items, rather than slumped ones. It has the slight limitation that the part of the item that touches the kiln shelf won't polish.

FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Fused Glass.

What Is Glass Fusing?

If two or more pieces of glass in contact are heated, they begin to soften and fuse together. With careful heating and cooling, the separate pieces of glass become one.

If glass is put on a mould and heated, it begins to soften and collapse, or sag, onto the mould: a common technique for making bowls and plates.

Sagging and slumping are often thought of as being the same. Correctly: during sagging, heated glass, supported at its edges, sags down in the middle to conform to a mould; during slumping, heated glass, supported at its middle, slumps down at its edges to conform to a mould.

LAMPWORK AND BEADS
Beads.

What Is Lampwork?

Lamp-working is the traditional name for glasswork that uses a flame to melt glass rods and tubes. As the glass softens, it's shaped by turning and using tools.

Early lampworkers used an oil-lamp, and blew air into the flame through a pipe. Later, propane, natural gas, or butane torches replaced the lamp, although kilns are now increasingly popular, particularly for annealing.

Beads are usually made on steel rods, or mandrels. When the beads are finished, the rods are removed leaving holes for threading the beads. Cold working techniques can be used, such as etching, faceting, polishing, and sandblasting.

LOST-WAX BURNOUT
Paragon W13 Lost Wax Casting Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.

What Is Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Lost-wax burnout starts with making a wax shape and then making a mould of the shape. When the mould is heated in a kiln, the wax melts out through channels, usually over a burnout grate and into a tray. The shape is then cast in glass or metal from the mould.

It's important to prevent wax or carbon sticking to the elements, so burnout kilns have a top vent to release the fumes. Carbon build-up inside a kiln conducts electricity and can cause the elements to short circuit.

I've written some general instructions here but, as always, making anything successfully needs critical research and frequent tests, especially as things that work for your friends and teachers might not work in the same way for you. It's also very important to learn how to creatively use unexpected effects.

The most popular kilns for lost wax processes are the Paragon W series: the W13, W14, and W18. Learn about these by using the w:lost-wax-burnout link below the menu bar near the top of the page. Wax burnout trays, glare-resistant glasses, and heat-resistant gloves are in the on-line shop.

HOW TO DO LOST WAX BURNOUT

How To Do Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

1 : Place a metal tray inside the kiln on a few 12mm posts. Place the mould on a grate on top of the tray. The mould’s sprue holes should face down. The tray will catch melting wax as it drips from the sprue holes.

2 : Keep the kiln’s vent hole open during wax elimination. If the kiln has no vent hole, leave the door open 12mm. This allows fumes to escape from the kiln. Heat the kiln to 148°C and hold it at that temperature for at least one hour. Do NOT heat the wax above 148°C.

3 : During this hour, the wax will melt from the mould and drip into the tray. If the kiln gets hotter than 148°C, the wax may smoke and deposit carbon inside your kiln, causing expensive damage.

4 : After one hour at 148°C, open the kiln. Remove the mould and wax tray. Pour the wax from the tray and leave the tray out of the kiln until your next wax elimination. Don't leave the tray in the kiln.

5 : Harden the mould to the temperature recommended by your mould material manufacturer.

6 : Finally, adjust the temperature to the casting temperature of the glass or metal. Hold at that temperature until you are ready to begin casting. Remove the mould with tongs. Wear protective gloves and safety glasses.


Over time, a small amount of carbon can form on the firing chamber walls as any wax residue left in the mould burns off. So I recommend that you periodically open the vent or leave the door open 12mm, and fire the kiln empty to 815°C at a rate of 166°C with a one hour hold.

MOISSANITE
Moissanite.

What Is Moissanite.

Moissanite is another diamond substitute which is a rare mineral found naturally in small quantities, although Moissanite for jewellery is artificially made. It’s made from Silicon Carbide which means it’s able to withstand high temperatures and is very hard.

Moissanite is noticeably much sparklier and displays more prismatic fire than a diamond which is noticeable even to an untrained observer. Moissanite does have inclusions like a diamond and it may also have a greenish tinge to its colour.

PÂTE DE VERRE
Pâte De Verre.

What Is Pâte De Verre?

Pâte de verre involves making a glass paste, applying it to a mould, firing it, and removing the piece from the mould. The glass paste is usually made from glass powder, a binder such as gum arabic, distilled water, and colouring agents or enamels. It allows precise placing of colours in the mould, whereas other techniques often result in the glass straying from its intended position.

I think, currently, Daum is the only large commercial crystal manufacturer using the pâte de verre process for art glass and crystal sculptures.

SLUMPING BOTTLES
Slumped Bottle.

What Is Glass Slumping?

This a simple technique but it requires good ideas. A bottle, such as those used for wine, beer, cola, or champagne, is softened in a kiln so that it begins to flatten out or conforms to a mould. There are too many moulds to stock here but there are lots available on line. Or make your own from clay.

The bottles need to be clean and dry, with all paper labels and tops removed. Put them in your kiln on a shelf, either with shelf paper or kiln wash to prevent the glass sticking to the shelf.

Paragon makes a kiln designed for this: the Trio. So click the trio link below the menu bar near the top of the page. It's wide enough for most bottles but can still use a regular socket.

STAINED GLASS
Stained Glass.

What Is Stained Glass?

Stained glass is glass that has been coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture. The coloured glass is crafted into stained glass windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged to form patterns or pictures, traditionally held together by strips of lead and supported by a rigid frame. Painted details and yellow stain are often used to enhance the design.

The term stained glass is also applied to windows in which the colours have been painted onto the glass and then fused to the glass in a kiln.

It requires artistic skill to conceive an appropriate and workable design, and engineering skills to assemble the piece. A window must fit snugly into the space for which it is made, must resist wind and rain, and also, especially in the larger windows, must support its own weight. Many large windows have withstood the test of time and remained substantially intact since the Late Middle Ages.

SWAROVSKI CRYSTAL
Swarovski Crystal.

What Is Swarovski Crystal?

Swarovski Crystal isn’t a gemstone or even a crystal: it’s a form of glass made at high temperatures by melting silicon oxide powders with lead to form what is known as lead crystal. The exact process is patented by Swarovski but it has approximately 32% lead content to increase the crystals refraction index to resemble that of a diamond. To produce a diamond like effect the crystal glass is precision cut and then polished again by a Swarovski patented process that gives the crystal a high quality finish.

The crystals are often further enhanced by coating the glass with an Aurora Borealis or AB coating that gives the surface a rainbow like appearance to simulate dispersion from a diamond. Swarovski crystal is not as hard as diamond so its susceptible to scratches and chipping from wear and tear, but it’s harder than standard glass.

TACK FUSING
Tack Fused Glass.

What Is Tack Fusing?

Tack fusing is the joining together of glass, with as little change to the shape of the pieces as possible. Tack fusing may be used either decoratively, or to assemble a large piece of glass from laminations.

Where tack fusing is used to apply small decorative details to a larger piece, you might want to partially melt the small pieces so that they change shape, usually becoming more spherical under the influence of surface tension, but without changing the shape of the carrier piece. This can be done by using an increased temperature, but only briefly. The carrier piece has a larger thermal mass, so heats up more slowly than the small decorations.

VITRIGRAPH WORK
Glass Stringers. Paragon Caldera Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Vitrigraph. Ceramic-Fibre Boards. Crucible.

What Is Vitrigraph?

The vitrigraph process usually uses a Paragon Caldera kiln to make glass stringers. The clip-on bottom of the kiln is removed and set aside. The kiln body is put on a thick ceramic rectangle with a central hole. The rectangle is put on two wall brackets or any stable structure away from the floor.

A crucible of glass is put in the kiln and, as it heats, the moulten glass falls through a hole in the crucible to form long stringers. Skilled artists can control the thickness of the stringers and can even draw with the glass as it comes out.


The Caldera needs a 500mm x 400mm x 50mm rectangle, which we cut for you from a much larger sheet. Normal kiln shelves are made from cordierite: a very dense hard ceramic. A suitable-size rectangle would be fairly heavy and hard to cut and drill, so we we use ceramic-fibre board. Ceramic-fibre rectangles are in the on-line shop.

Ceramic-fibre board is made from vacuum-formed fibre. It doesn't retain heat, has a low thermal conductivity, and is stable at temperatures up to 1430°C. If you need to trim it, use a knife, handsaw, or electric jigsaw, but cut it neatly because, as it's fibrous, you can't use a file or sandpaper successfully.


When you work with any fibrous material, don't get the fibres on your hands or breathe them in: ideally, you should put on gloves, wear a HEPA dust mask, use clear protective glasses, and wash your hands afterwards.

WARM GLASS
Warm Glass Flower Bowl.

What Is Warm Glass?

The term warm glass refers to fusing, slumping, and other glass processes which take place at temperatures between about 600°C to 925°C. Although that doesn't sound warm, it is when you compare it to glassblower's working temperatures, which often exceed 1100°C. Warm glass is sometimes called kiln-formed glass.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO METAL CLAYS
Art Clay Silver Clay. Acrylic Tools. Clay Shapers. Hand Tools.

What Is A Metal Clay?

Metal Clays are clay-like materials made of fine metal powders and water-soluble organic binders. Out of the packet they feel like modelling clay, so can be shaped using anything appropriate. If you don't like what you've made, you can roll it up and start again. Any scraps can be wrapped up in cling-film or foil and re-used, so there's almost no waste.

When you're happy with your work, it's dried so that the moisture can evaporate. At this stage it feels like a plaster, so you can still refine the shape: or even add more clay.

As it's fired, the binders vapourise, releasing small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid metal: real metal, not something that just looks like metal. The firing temperature isn't high enough to melt the metal otherwise your work would liquify and lose it's shape.


Although Art Clay and PMC silver clays were first to market, there's now an increasingly diverse range of metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, PMC Sterling, and Prometheus.

I sometimes get asked if there's a platinum metal clay: there is, but it's an industrial product. Platinum melts at 1772°C, so a platimum clay would probably need to fire at around 1600°C: beyond the maximum temperature of conventional kilns.


All our tools have been chosen for their engineering excellence and clean functionality, to help you manage a creative and efficient work environment. And you'll enjoy using good tools rather than continually improvising. To learn more, use the accessories-tools link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

SILVER CLAY
Art Clay Silver Pendant. Art Clay Silver Necklace. Art Clay Silver Pendant. Art Clay Silver Brooch.

Aida Art Clay Silver And Mitsubishi PMC Silver Clay.

There are two popular makes of silver clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine silver powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Silver and PMC Silver, sometimes just called silver clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 999 silver: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

BRONZE CLAY
Bronze-Copper Lobster Bangle By Gordon Uyehara.

Bronze Clay And BronzClay.

There are three popular makes of bronze clay: Bronze Clay made by ClayMania, BronzClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Bronze ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine bronze powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

Clay Mania Bronze Clay and MetalAdventures BronzClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural bronze colour, and charcoal made from coal produces a colourful range of patinas.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid bronze, an alloy of 89% copper and 11% tin: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm high, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm high and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Bronze, which is almost certainly Prometheus Bronze Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why very similar products can differ so much in price.


Also, in November 2014, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 12 times more than Prometheus Bronze Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, bronze is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

COPPER CLAY
Copper Earring By Zina Kuscynska Richterova.

Copper Clay And CopprClay.

There are four popular makes of copper clay: Art Clay Copper made by Aida Chemical Industries, Copper Clay made by ClayMania, CopprClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Copper ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine copper powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Clay Mania Copper Clay and MetalAdventures CopprClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural copper colour.

Art Clay Copper is easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. In most kilns, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time: so you might want more than one.

Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid copper: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Copper, which is almost certainly Prometheus Copper Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why very similar products can differ so much in price.


Also, in November 2014, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 12 times more than Prometheus Copper Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, copper is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

GOLD CLAY
Gold Clay Pendant By Claudia S Atkins.

Aida Art Clay Gold And Mitsubishi PMC Gold Clay.

There are two popular makes of gold clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine gold powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Gold and PMC Gold, sometimes just called gold clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 22 carat gold: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

PARAGON KILNS INTERNATIONAL DISTRIBUTOR

KILNS, OVENS, FURNACES, PARTS, AND SUPPORT
Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer PCB. Paragon Type-K Thermocouple. Paragon Relay. Paragon Shelf Kit.
Programmer PCB Type-K Thermocouple Electro-Mechanical Relay Pro Shelf Kit

Paragon Kilns, Furnaces, and Ovens For Annealing, Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Glass, Jewellery, Knife Making, Lost Wax, Silver Clays, Heat Treating, Lampwork, Porcelain, And Vitrigraph.

is a Cherry Heaven internet resource. Cherry Heaven is a top-tier international distributor for Texas-made Paragon kilns, furnaces, and ovens, and has been one of their top-selling partners from 2006 to : a pleasing outcome since the UK is only one third the area of Texas and one fortieth the area of the US.

Although Paragon kilns are very reliable, we normally have relays, thermocouples, heating muffles, programmers, and shelf kits in stock: even small parts such as screws, door hinges, bits of wire, and element connectors. Elements are the exception as there are so many variants, but these arrive air-xpress regularly.

As this is an on-line resource, there isn't a paper catalogue or a price list. However, you can mail or call about kilns, power supplies, public area safety, a special project, business ideas, diagnostics, repairs, or reselling opportunities.


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UK To EU Plug Adapter.
Ceramic Block.
Ceramic Cloth.
EU Plug.
UK-EU Adapter.
Dry Powder Extinguisher.
Glare Resistant Glasses.
HEPA Mask.
heat-resistant Gloves.
Kitiki Cutters.
Kitiki Flush Cutters.
Kitiki Flat-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Pointed-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Bent-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Round-Nose Pliers.
Protective Glasses.
Potter & Brumfield Relay.
Dorset, SW England.
UK 13A Plug.
Large Rubber Drum 950gm Open
The AX-4 Digital Controller.
MiniKiln Closed.
Bartlett-Paragon Touch Screen Digital Controller.
Paragon BlueBird Bead Annealing Kiln.
Lauscha by Carrie Fertig.
Activated Charcoal Granules.
Paragon Caldera Ceramics And Glass Kiln.
Paragon Caldera Bead, Enamels, And Glass Kiln.
Paragon Crucible.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14SB Glass And Bead Kiln.
Paragon Caldera XL Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon F500 Lampwork Kiln.
Paragon FireFly Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln.
Paragon GL18ADTSD Glass Kiln.
Paragon HT-14D Heat Treating Furnace.
Paragon Janus 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon KM18D Knife-Making Oven.
Paragon KM36 XL PRP Knife-Making Furnace.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Unassembled.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Suction Cup.
Paragon Pearl 22 Glass Kiln.
Paragon PMT21 Heat Treating Kiln.
Paragon Door Peephole And Vent.
Stainless Steel Pans.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2B Bead-Door Kiln.
Paragon SC2W Enamelling Kiln.
Paragon SC4 Glass Kiln.
Paragon SC2BW Jewellery And Bead Kiln.
Paragon SC2D Pro-3 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Shelf Kit.
Paragon SC-2 Jade Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.
Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch-Screen Controller.
Paragon SC-2 Pink Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Pro Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Turqoise Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Purple Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Navy Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Berry Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon ST-8 Kiln Table.
Paragon Kiln Table With Casters.
Paragon TNF 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon GL24 Kiln Table.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Top Row Of Bricks.
Paragon W Lost-Wax Casting Kiln.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray With Grille.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray With Grid.
USB Plug.
Paragon Xpress E-12 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-12B Bead Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Xpress Q-11 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Vitrigraph Kiln.
Prometheus Pro-7.