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Paragon Fusion 10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon FibreFuse 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS26S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 8 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 19 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS14S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS16S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS19D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS26 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon FibreFuse 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.

The Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse Kilns For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

Paragon CS ClamShell, FibreFuse, and Fusion kilns are generally used for annealing, casting, fire polishing, fusing, melting, moulding, sagging, and slumping glass, although they have other applications. They're 925°C kilns with digital programmers, in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. Learn about Paragon CS ClamShell, FibreFuse, and Fusion kilns on this page.


There are five multi-sided versions: the Fusion 7, 8, 8 XL, and 10 with Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers, and the Ovation 1013 with a Sentry 12-key programmer.

There are twelve four-sided versions: the Fusion 14, 16, 19, CS14S, CS14D, CS16S, CS16D, CS19S, CS19D, and FibreFuse 16 with Sentry Xpress 3-key programmers, and the CS26 and CS5630 with Sentry 12-key programmers. CS means ClamShell. The CSXXS versions have single opening: the lid and body joined together. The CSXXD have double opening: the lid or the body separately.

Paragon's kiln names often include numbers or letters to represent internal dimensions or features. However, as the numbers don't always relate to any dimension or feature of the kiln, rely on the descriptions here. The numbers 7, 8, and 10 represent the number of sides, and 14, 16, 19, 26, and 56 represent the approximate interior width in inches. XL means extra large.


Prices here are transparent: they're for UK-EU voltage, CE marked, CL CSA approved, and TUV tested kilns, and include comprehensive instructions, a glass-work guide, UK VAT, and free continuing support from a top-tier international distributor.

For prices, trading terms, and secure on-line shopping, use the shop link below the menu bar near the top-right of any page. The order form is on the shop page, after the price list near the bottom.

Kilns that weigh over 30kg can't be delivered by a regular parcel-service van: they need a tail-lift lorry with a hydraulic pallet trolley. GB-mainland delivery charges are on the shop page. For other locations, call or mail.

Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 8 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 10 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 19 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion 16 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 19 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion Ovation Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS14S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS14S Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS16S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS16S Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion FiberFuse 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Kiln. Paragon FibreFuse 16 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS19D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS19D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.
Paragon Fusion CS26 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS5630 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Table With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Table With Casters. Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Digital Controller. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch Touch-Screen Digital Controller.
Paragon Sentry Programmer. Paragon Sentinel Smart-Touch Touch-Screen Controller.

HOW TO CHOOSE A GLASS KILN

A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE PARAGON CS, FIBREFUSE, AND FUSION KILNS
Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, Moulding, And Slumping Glass.

The Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse Kilns For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Lost Wax, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

Paragon CS and Fusion kilns are robust, practical, and versatile. They come in a range of sizes and shapes to suit every glass application. Every version is described in detail below so, although there's a comparative table and photos, I recommend that you set aside some time and read about them.


If you already know which kiln you want and don't want to, or need to, read any general introductions, compare or review the main features, or consider other kilns, click here to jump down the page:


Click To Jump To The FiberFuse, Fusion, And CS Kilns.
REMINDERS ABOUT THE PARAGON CS, FIBREFUSE, AND FUSION KILNS OPTIONAL READING
Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer PCB. Paragon Firebricks. Paragon Type-K Thermocouple. Paragon Shelf Kit.

Why Is A Paragon CS Or Fusion Kiln The Best Mix Of Technologies At The Best Price?

Paragon Fusion kilns are 925°C, top-opening kilns, with ramp-hold digital programmers. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, for the multi-sided kilns, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln. Customised kilns are made to order, so can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly as in the photo.


The Fusion 7, 8, 8T, 10, Ovation 1013, 14, 16, 19, CS14S, CS14D, CS16S, CS16D, CS19S, CS19D, and FibreFuse 16 normally have Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmers which allow you to create, edit, and save your own ramp-hold sequences: up to twenty-five, each one with up to twenty segments.

The CS26 and CS5630 normally have a Sentry 12-key digital programmer which allows you to create, edit, and save your own ramp-hold sequences: up to thirty-five, each one with up to twenty segments. Features include automatic control over hardware options: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Alternatively, you can choose an advanced touch-screen Sentinel Smart Touch. Features include those of the Sentry 12-key and real time displays of voltage and current, a novice mode with prompts, firing sequences presented graphically, and wifi updates: so a functional upgrade not just a design preference.

When the programmer turns the elements off at, for example, 700°C, residual heat will continue to increase the temperature briefly. A small kiln might overshoot to 715°C before dropping back down. A software modification slows down the heating just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.


The top row of bricks doesn't have an element groove, so the firing chamber is stronger around the top edge where the lid closes. In addition, the two meeting surfaces are hardened with refractory cement.

The FibreFuse 16 elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre: an important safety feature. As they're not exposed, the kiln doesn't need a door cut-off switch so, if you open it to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements will stay on and the kiln won't lose heat quickly.

They all have special-limit nickel-chromium K-type thermocouples. These respond quickly to changes in temperature, resist corrosion, and have an error margin of less than 0.4% instead of the typical 0.8%. However, for continual high-temperature high-precision professional use, these can be upgraded to platinum-rhodium S-types.


The US-international kilns don't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, I've recommended pro kits because a durable heavy cordierite shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, fusing, and heat treating as the elements turn on and off. Sometimes, half-sizes or other sizes might be easier to move and arrange if you want to stack pieces having different dimensions or shapes.


As a general comment, some tabletop kilns are too heavy or too large for a regular table or worktop. If you can't find a strong one locally, Paragon makes a tough steel table, 768mm x 768mm x 718mm high with lockable casters and two shelves for your accessories and greenware.
Of course, although some kilns come with legs or tables, you don't have to use them. You could stand the kiln on a worktop if the height is more convenient. However, you will need to put the kiln on 50mm thick firebricks so that air can circulate.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, checks, adjustments, and repairs are simple, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver: watch the on-line videos using the watch-videos link or read the help pages using use the help link, both below the menu bar near the top of any page. Alternatively, we can service the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.

APPLICATIONS

OPTIONAL READING

You can use these kilns for annealing, casting, fusing, sagging, slumping, dichroic glasses, fire polishing, glass art, lampwork, pâte de verre, and staining glass.

Although smaller kilns are more economic for jewellery-making, you can still use most popular small-scale materials such as Accent Gold, Art Clay metal clays, BullsEye glasses, dichroic glasses, enamels, GlasClay, Image Transfer Solution, Metal Clay Veneer, PMC silver clay, Prometheus bronze clay, ProCopper clay, and SilverEtch.
And there's an increasingly diverse range of other metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, and PMC Sterling.

You can make architectural parts, beads, bowls, candleholders, chandeliers, decorations, earrings, figurines, fingerprint keepsakes, glass-art, jewellery, miniatures, model parts, necklaces, ornaments, pendants, plates, rings, souvenirs, stained-glass designs, tableware, tiaras, and tiles, as unique hand-crafted pieces or repeatable stock for sale.


They're ideal for your arts centre, college, commercial glassworks, course venue, glass studio, school, or technical facility. Especially as they have a two-year warranty.

IS A CS, FIBREFUSE, OR FUSION KILN THE BEST CHOICE? OPTIONAL READING

The Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse Kilns For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Lost Wax, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Fusion and CS kilns are hot enough, at 925°C, for general glass work, within their size limits. However, if you think that a smaller, larger, or hotter kiln might be more versatile, here are some suggestions:


Bead-annealing kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 650°C, such as the BlueBird Series. However, other kilns have bead doors: the small Caldera-B and SC2B, the medium Xpress-E12B, and the larger Fusion-14B.

Glass kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 925°C. For these, look at the F Series, Fusion:CS Series, GL Series, or Pearl Series. These are not hot enough for ceramics.

Jewellery kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C. For these, look at the small SC Series or the medium Xpress Series. The SC series are not hot enough for ceramics.

Ceramics kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. For these, look at the small Caldera Series and FireFly Series, medium Xpress Series, or large Janus Series, PMT Series, and TNF Series. These can also be used for glass work.

Heat-treating kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. For these, look at the HT Series and PMT Series. Although they look similar, the HT has a bottom-hinged door and the PMT has a side-hinged door.

Knife-making kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. The KM Series are made for depth rather than width. You can choose a guillotine, drop-down, or a side-hinged door.

The W Series have a top vent so are usually used for jewellery moulds and lost-wax burnout. For lost wax casting there are optional metal grids and wax trays. The small SC Series and most of the medium Xpress Series also have top vents.


To learn more about other kilns, use the appropriate links below the menu bar near the top of the page. However, as each series has kilns of different sizes with different options there's only a selection in the table below:


VERSION DESCRIPTION MAX °C POWER W WEIGHT KG FIRING CHAMBER INTERIOR SIZE MM
Fusion 7 top-opening 925 1800 62 firebrick seven-sided 368 x 165
Fusion 8 top-opening 925 3120 82 firebrick eight-sided 445 x 229
Fusion 8 XL top-opening 925 4800 87 firebrick eight-sided 445 x 279
Fusion 10 top-opening 925 7200 117 firebrick ten-sided 597 x 279
Fusion 14 top-opening 925 1800 48 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion CS14S body-opening 925 1800 71 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion CS14D lid and body-opening 925 1800 71 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion 16 top-opening 925 2400 75 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
Fusion CS16S body-opening 925 2400 85 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
Fusion CS16D lid and body-opening 925 2400 85 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
Fusion FibreFuse 16 top-opening 925 1800 34 fibre square 406 x 406 x 152
Fusion 19 top-opening 925 3840 95 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS19S body-opening 925 3840 98 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS19D lid and body-opening 925 3840 98 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS26 body-opening 925 7200 240 firebrick square 660 x 660 x 337
Fusion CS5630 body-opening 925 16000 300 firebrick rectangular 1422 x 762 x 406
Fusion Ovation top-opening 925 7200 182 firebrick ten-sided 1041 x 572 x 292
BlueBird XL two bead doors 815 1700 36 firebrick rectangular 508 x 229 x 114
Caldera-B one bead door 1290 1800 20 firebrick square 203 x 203 x 171
F500 two punty doors 650 6850 273 firebrick rectangular 610 x 457 x 565
Janus 1613 top-opening 1290 4800 90 firebrick eight-sided 419 x 337
Pearl 22 top opening 925 7200 146 firebrick square 559 x 559 x 330
PMT18 front-opening 1290 6500 170 firebrick rectangular 330 x 457 x 330
SC2B front-opening bead door 1095 1680 16 fibre square 199 x 203 x 145
Xpress E12 front opening 1290 2200 38 firebrick rectangular 196 x 295 x 219
A NOTE ABOUT FIREBRICK KILNS OPTIONAL READING

The Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse Kilns For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

Fireplace, forge, and furnace bricks are hard, tough, and solid. Often, they're not cemented together so, if you have a conventional fireplace at home, remove a brick and you'll notice a few hair line cracks and missing corners, chips, and flakes. Some might have cracked in half, but they still function. To retain heat, the bricks are dense and heavy.

A kiln made using these would be very heavy and need a much larger and stronger metal frame and case. They're hard to cut, so making joints and element grooves, and using element pins, is almost impossible. The kiln would be more expensive to make and transport and, once in your studio, would be hard to move: try lifting your night-storage heater. And a 500mm square kiln lid made from 24 bricks would probably collapse.


Kiln bricks look like fine sponge. They're light, fragile, and are made to insulate, not store heat. They heat and cool quickly so that the programmer can control the temperature. They can be cut, drilled, and made with joints and element grooves.

Unlike a fireplace, forge, or furnace, kilns are usually used for ramp-hold firings with multiple segments, so are continually cycling through heating and cooling. As the temperature changes, the bricks expand and contract and soon develop fine cracks. If the interior of a kiln expands by about 3mm per 500mm, then contracts, then expands ... something has to give.

Even assembly stresses or small changes in temperature can cause fine cracks during manufacture, factory testing, shipping, or first use. These are normal and won't affect the functionality. And the kiln won't fall apart because the bricks are held together within a metal frame. To quote Paragon: hairline cracks can appear at any time: even in a new kiln. Replacing a whole set of bricks is pointless: the new set will probably develop a tiny crack immediately.

We had an Xpress E12 in the studio for years. The first hairline crack appeared on day one and we ended up with about six, although it worked perfectly. We do have kiln-repair cement if a piece breaks away but you can't squeeze it into a hairline crack. Brushing it on might be a minimal cosmetic improvement but such a thin layer won't repair the brick.

THE CS AND FUSION KILNS

Paragon Kilns, Furnaces, and Ovens For Annealing, Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Glass, Jewellery, Knife Making, Lost Wax, Silver Clays, Heat Treating, Lampwork, Porcelain, And Vitrigraph.

After looking at each kiln in detail, I'll introduce the appropriate accessories, options, and upgrades.

THE PARAGON FUSION 7

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 7 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 7 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 7 is a 925°C, seven-sided, plug-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 559mm x 662mm x 775mm high. The stainless steel and firebrick body has two lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 62Kg.

The firing chamber measures 368mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 7B has a 165mm x 50mm bead-annealing door with a bead-mandrel holder in one of the sides, the Fusion 7W has a 75mm x 25mm glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 7BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 7.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control-boxes respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing door: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 7 is a fully-programmable starter kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. If you don't have much floor-space, or prefer eye-level access, put the kiln, without the stand, on four 50mm high firebricks on a regular worktop.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

The fold-away locking lid support can be adjusted to keep the lid open about 10mm to vent china paint fumes or pollutants released from some glasses.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for storing your accessories, tools, and work.

THE FUSION 7 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The W13. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 7.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable round 330mm x 12mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one round 330mm x 12mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props.

The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 8

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 8 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 8 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 8 is a 925°C, eight-sided, plug-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3120W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 635mm x 724mm x 889mm high. The stainless steel and firebrick body has two lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 82Kg.

The firing chamber measures 445mm x 229mm high and heats from the top and the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and 64mm thick sides. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 8 has side elements so can't accept a bead-annealing door: there's no Fusion 8B. However, the Fusion 8W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides. Otherwise, it's similar to the Fusion 8.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control-boxes respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves


And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 8 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

The fold-away locking lid support can be adjusted to keep the lid open about 10mm to vent china paint fumes or pollutants released from some glasses.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for storing your accessories, tools, and work.


The Fusion 8 is a 13A 3200W plug-in kiln. However, the Fusion 8 XL, made for Cherry Heaven, described below, is a 20A 4800W wired-in kiln. It's 1.22 times taller inside, and heats more quickly, than the regular Fusion 8. I can have a Fusion 8 XL made for you if the extra height and power is important.

Although a plug-in is more convenient, it takes longer to heat up, might not reach its maximum temperature, and the set temperature could change with local voltage variations. As an example, a voltage reduction from 240v to 230v will reduce the wattage by about 8%. There's a limit to the heat that a 13A socket can provide and sustain. So, although I'd recommend the Fusion 8 XL, I can have a Fusion 8 made for you if plug-in is important.

THE FUSION 8 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable octagonal 394mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one octagonal 394mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props.

The can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 8 XL

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 8 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 8 XL For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 8 XL is a 925°C, eight-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 4800W, so it needs a 20A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 635mm x 724mm x 939mm high. The stainless steel and firebrick body has two lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 87Kg.

The firing chamber measures 445mm x 279mm high and heats from the top and the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and 64mm thick sides. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 8 XL has side elements so can't accept a bead-annealing door: there's no Fusion 8B XL. However, the Fusion 8W XL has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides. Otherwise, it's similar to the Fusion 8 XL.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control-boxes respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves


And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 8 XL is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

The fold-away locking lid support can be adjusted to keep the lid open about 10mm to vent china paint fumes or pollutants released from some glasses.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for storing your accessories, tools, and work.


The Fusion 8 is a 13A 3200W plug-in kiln. However, the Fusion 8 XL, made for Cherry Heaven, described above, is a 20A 4800W wired-in kiln. It's 1.22 times taller inside, and heats more quickly, than the regular Fusion 8. I can have a Fusion 8 XL made for you if the extra height and power is important.

Although a plug-in is more convenient, it takes longer to heat up, might not reach its maximum temperature, and the set temperature could change with local voltage variations. As an example, a voltage reduction from 240v to 230v will reduce the wattage by about 8%. There's a limit to the heat that a 13A socket can provide and sustain. So, although I'd recommend the Fusion 8 XL, I can have a Fusion 8 made for you if plug-in is important.

THE FUSION 8 XL RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8 XL.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable octagonal 394mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one octagonal 394mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props.

The can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 10

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 10 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 10 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 10 is a 925°C, ten-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 7200W, so it needs a 30A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 775mm x 1003mm x 889mm high. The stainless steel and firebrick body has four lifting handles and a wide-view peephole-vent in one of the sides. The lid is hinged along the back edge and has a fold-away locking support. The separate stand, which replaces the legs shown in the first photo, is 610mm x 610mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 117Kg.

The firing chamber measures 597mm x 279mm high and heats from the top and the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and 64mm thick sides. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 10 has side elements so can't accommodate a bead-annealing door: there's no Fusion 10B. However, the Fusion 10W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control-boxes respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves


And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 10 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for storing your accessories, tools, and work.


Although the Fusion 10 is wider than the Fusion 8 and Fusion XL, it's the same height inside as the Fusion 8. However, the Fusion 8 XL is 50mm taller.

THE FUSION 10 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 10. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 10.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable round 533mm x 18mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one round 533mm x 18mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm props.

The kiln can accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 14

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 14 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 14 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 14 is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes and stand that are painted: not the whole kiln.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 660mm x 559mm x 356mm high. The stainless-steel body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 48Kg.

The firing chamber measures 356mm x 356mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 14B has two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 14W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 14BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 14.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control-boxes respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion 14 is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 100mm x 100mm glass tiles, a 320mm diameter bowl or plate, or two wine bottles.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 14 and the CS14 and CS14, described below. The Fusion 16 has normal opening: the lid. The CS16S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS16D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE FUSION 14 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The CS14S, CS14D, Fusion 14, J14, and E14. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 14.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 305mm x 330mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 305mm x 330mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS14S

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS14S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS14S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS14S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS14S is similar to the Fusion 14 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The Paragon Fusion CS14S is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 686mm x 711mm x 381mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and three springs under the kiln for easy one-handed lifting. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 71Kg.

The firing chamber measures 356mm x 356mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The CS14SB has two 137mmmm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the CS14SW has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the CS14SBW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 14.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 14, described above, and are in the on-line shop.


The Fusion CS14S is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 100mm x 100mm glass tiles, a 320mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 14, described above, and the CS14 and CS14. The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS14S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS14D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS14D

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS14D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS14D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS14D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS14D is similar to the CS14S but, instead of just the body and lid lifting up together, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The options and upgrades are the same as for the Fusion 14, described above, except the CS14D can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 14, described above, and the CS14 and CS14. The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS14S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS14D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE PARAGON FUSION 16

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 16 Bead Door Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Beads, Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping. Paragon Fusion 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 16 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 16 is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 749mm x 610mm x 876mm high. The stainless-steel body rests on a separate 470mm-high table with four legs with rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 89Kg.

The firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 165mm high, and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 16B has two 162mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 16W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 16BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 16.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control-boxes respray: normally blue
List. a low-dust ceramic-fibre lid with a brushed stainless steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 162mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion 16 is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm x 120mm glass tiles, a 360mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 16 and the CS16S and CS16D described below. The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS16S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS16D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE FUSION 16 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 16. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 16.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 381mm x 381mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 381mm x 381mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS16S

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS16S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS16S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS16S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS16S is similar to the Fusion 16 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The Paragon Fusion CS16S is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 749mm x 610mm x 876mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and three springs under the kiln for easy one-handed lifting. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 85Kg.

The firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 165mm high, and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. The meeting edges of the lid and floor are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 16, above, and are in the on-line shop.


The Fusion CS16S is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm x 120mm glass tiles, a 360mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

The optional dust-free ceramic-fibre lid, two bead-annealing doors, glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

The kiln has two relays. This is an important safety feature as, if one relay fails, one of the elements will turn off and the kiln won't over-fire and damage your work.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 16, described above, and the CS16S and CS16D. The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS16S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS16D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS16D

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS16D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Controller.

The Paragon Fusion CS16D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS16D is similar to the CS16S but, instead of just the body and lid lifting up together, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The options and upgrades are the same as for the Fusion 16, described above, except the CS16D can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 16, described above, and the CS16S and CS16D. The Fusion 14 has normal opening: the lid. The CS16S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS16D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE PARAGON FUSION FIBREFUSE 16

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 is a 925°C, square, plug-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 762mm x 533mm x 330mm high. The body stands on a 50mm high base with four rubber feet, the light-weight top has a side-to-side stay-cool wooden handle, and the lid can lean back and stay-open. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 89Kg.

The rigidised ceramic-fibre firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 152mm high, and heats from the sides with the sinusoidal elements surface-mounted on the 50mm thick fibre.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion FibreFuse 16 is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm square tiles, four 180mm diameter bowls, or two large wine bottles.

THE FUSION FIBREFUSE 16 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The FibreFuse 16. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion FibreFuse 16.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 381mm x 381mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 381mm x 381mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

The kiln is large enough to accommodate a charcoal-filled stainless steel container needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION 19

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 19 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion 19 Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 19 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion 19 is a 925°C, square, wired-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3840W, so it needs a 16A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 826mm x 737mm x 387mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln lid when it's open. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 96Kg.

The firing chamber measures 483mm x 483mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements embedded in the 70mm thick rigidised ceramic-fibre lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 19B has two 200mm x 50mm bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 19W has a 75mm x 25mm glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 19BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 19.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 19, above, and are in the on-line shop.

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 19 is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for sixteen 100mm square tiles, four 220mm diameter bowls, or two large champagne bottles.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

The top elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre board, so there's no firebrick dust to fall on your work. However, although the heavy body is on three springs, always take care lowering it.

Because the whole body lifts up it's easy to put work in, arrange the pieces, and take it out. The firebrick base is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 19 and the CS19S and CS19D described below. The Fusion 19 has normal opening: the lid. The CS19S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS19D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE FUSION 19 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion 19. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 19.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 432mm x 432mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 432mm x 432mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

The kiln is large enough to accommodate the charcoal-filled stainless steel containers needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS19S

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS19S Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS19S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS19S is similar to the Fusion 19 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The Paragon Fusion CS19S is a 925°C, square, wired-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3840W, so it needs a 16A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 864mm x 838mm x 387mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet. The lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and three springs under the kiln for easy one-handed lifting. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 98Kg.

The firing chamber measures 483mm x 483mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements embedded in the 70mm thick rigidised ceramic-fibre lid. For durability, the meeting edges of any firebricks are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The CS19SB has two 200mmmm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the CS19SW has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the CS19SBW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the CS19S.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 19, above, and are in the on-line shop.


The Fusion CS19S is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for sixteen 100mm square tiles, four 220mm diameter bowls, or two large champagne bottles.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

The top elements are embedded in rigidised ceramic-fibre board, so there's no firebrick dust to fall on your work. However, although the heavy body is on three springs, always take care lowering it.

Because the whole body lifts up it's easy to put work in, arrange the pieces, and take it out. The firebrick base is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 19, described above, and the CS19S and CS19D. The Fusion 19 has normal opening: the lid. The CS19S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS19D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS19D

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS19D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS19D Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS19D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The CS19D is similar to the CS19S but, instead of just the body and lid lifting up together, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 19 and are in the on-line shop. However, the CS19D can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

The programmer can be upgraded from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface. However, unless you want those extras, an upgrade is probably more of a preference.

It's important to understand the difference between between the Fusion 19, described above, and the CS19S and CS19D. The Fusion 19 has normal opening: the lid. The CS19S has single opening: the lid and body joined together. And the CS19D has double opening: the lid or the body separately.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS26

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS26 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS26 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion CS26 is a 925°C, square, wired-in, top-opening, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon black, or customised berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 7200W, so it needs a 30A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 921mm x 1067mm x 705mm high. The base is slotted for ventilation and has four rubber feet. The body has a long stay-cool handle and two air-pistons for easy one-handed lifting. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 240Kg.

The firing chamber measures 660mm x 660mm x 337mm high, and heats from the top and the sides with the top elements enclosed in quartz tubes over 70mm thick rigidised ceramic fibre and the side elements in dropped-recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. For durability, the meeting edges of any ceramic-fibre and firebrick are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally black
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion CS26 is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for sixteen 150mm square tiles, four 300mm diameter bowls, or three large champagne bottles.

The kiln normally has a Sentry 12-key Programmer, although you can upgrade to a touch-screen Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

The top is rigidised ceramic-fibre board and the top elements are in quartz tubes, so there's no firebrick dust to fall on your work. However, although the heavy lid is on air pistons, always take care lowering it.

Because the whole body lifts up it's easy to put work in, arrange the pieces, and take it out. The firebrick base is reversible so, if you do have a glass accident, you won't have to buy a new set of bricks.

THE FUSION CS26S RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The CS26S. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS26S.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 610mm x 610mm x 25mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: one 610mm x 610mm x 25mm shelf and four posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, 100mm, or 150mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat from the top.

The kiln is large enough to accommodate the charcoal-filled stainless steel containers needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION OVATION 1013

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion Ovation Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion Ovation Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 is a 925°C, ten-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, it's only the control boxes that are painted: not the whole kiln.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent the number of sides or one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 1013 means it has ten sides and is about 13 inches high.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 9000W, so it needs a 38A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 1448mm x 991mm x 1016mm high. The stainless steel and firebrick body has four lifting handles and two wide-view peephole-vents in the front. The lid is hinged along the back edge, is spring-assisted for easy one-handed lifting, and has a fold-away locking support. The two separate stands, which replace the legs shown in the first photo, are 610mm x 610mm x 305mm high and have four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 216Kg.

The firing chamber measures 1041mm x 572mm x 330mm, and heats from the top and sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and sides. The meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


As it has side elements, it can't accept a bead-annealing door. However, the two peep-holes can be replaced by two 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-windows.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control-boxes respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic-fibre board: an alternative to heavy shelves
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion Ovation 1013 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. It's large enough to hold several stacked shelves, arranged as full shelves, half shelves, or a mix.

The kiln normally has a Sentry 12-key Programmer, although you can upgrade to a touch-screen Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

There are other similar versions: the 925°C Fusion Ovation 1011, 1022, and 1213 for glass work, and the 1290°C Janus Ovation 1022 for ceramics. For details, call or mail.

THE FUSION OVATION RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion Ovation. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion Ovation.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: two durable 533mm x 457mm x 15mm half-oval cordierite shelves, six 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: two durable 533mm x 457mm x 15mm half-oval shelves and six posts. This kiln has room for two shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, or 75mm props. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

However, if you want to work on one continuous surface, there's an alternative kit recommended by Paragon, not included in the price: one oval 965mm x 520mm x 25mm IPS Dyson CoreLite extruded shelf and four 500mm x 38mm x 50mm shelf-support rails. The batts are diamond-ground on all surfaces for size and flatness.

But, you'll need to read the manufacturer's instructions as it might crack if it overheats in one place or if the heating rate is faster than 110°C per hour.

CoreLite is expensive, so we have an alternative high temperature ceramic-fibre board: a rectangular 1200mm x 1000mm sheet, 25mm or 50mm thick, which you can cut yourself with any saw: and use the offcuts for supports. It's a lot less expensive than CoreLite, so mail or call for details.

The kiln is large enough to accommodate the charcoal-filled stainless steel containers needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS5630

GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS-5630 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fire Polishing, Fusing, Lampwork, Melting, Moulding, Sagging, And Slumping.

The Paragon CS5630 is a 925°C, rectangular, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. In Paragon black, or customised berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 56 means that the inside is about 56 inches wide and 30 means that the inside is about 30 inches deep.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 16000W, so it needs a 67A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 1791mm x 1346mm x 1321mm high. The body has two 50mm x 75mm peephole-vents with hinged covers in the opposite sides, and four legs with heavy-duty lockable castors and levellers. The lid has three handles and two pneumatic cylinders for easy one-handed lifting. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 695Kg.

The firing chamber measures 1422mm x 762mm x 406mm high and heats from the top, all the sides, and the bottom. The ten top elements are in quartz tubes over 76mm thick rigidised ceramic-fibre board. The side elements are in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebricks, with a 25mm layer of rigidised ceramic-fibre board behind. The floor elements are in grooves in the 114mm thick firebricks. The kiln has two mercury relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

A motorized Orton Vent Master is mounted in the back wall of the kiln on rubber isolators to prevent vibration. It removes moisture and gases from the kiln through two rear-mounted collection cups. It plugs into an auxiliary output in the back of the kiln so it can be controlled by the programmer.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. It includes a power-ratio feature so that you can control the balance between the top and side elements.


As the Fusion CS5630 has side elements, it can't accommodate a bead-annealing door or a glass viewing-window, although it has two 50mm x 75mm peephole-vents with hinged covers in the opposite sides.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally black
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch:factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic-fibre board: an alternative to heavy shelves
List. charcoal for the stainless steel container used for firing some metal clays
List. lost-wax burn-out, casting, and enamelling tray
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion CS5630 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for eight 300mm x 300mm glass tiles, large bowls and plates, glass panels, and architectural features.

The kiln normally has a Sentry 12-key Programmer, although you can upgrade to a touch-screen Sentinel SmartTouch. Both have advanced and time-saving features, and control over optional extras: an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

THE FUSION CS5630S RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT
Paragon Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS5630 And Pearl 56. Stainless Steel Pans for Activated Charcoal: 1 litre or 3 litres. Activated Charcoal: Coal or Coconut. Tray And Mesh For Lost Wax Burnout And Casting.

Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS5630.

The US-international kiln doesn't come with a shelf or posts or kiln wash so, if you don't need a shelf, you won't have to pay for one. However, there's a recommended kit, not included in the price: two durable 610mm x 610mm x 25mm cordierite shelves, eight 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

A pro shelf resists thermal fracture, provides a smooth stable work surface, protects the floor of the kiln's interior from glass accidents, and helps to even out any small temperature deviations during annealing, enamelling, firing, and fusing as the elements turn on and off.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost, so there's an extra kit, not included in the price: two 610mm x 610mm x 25mm shelves and eight posts. This kiln has room for three shelves so you can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, 100mm, or 150mm props.

However, if you want to work on one continuous surface, there's an alternative kit recommended by Paragon, not included in the price: one rectangular 1346mm x 686mm x 35mm IPS Dyson CoreLite extruded shelf and four 600mm x 38mm x 50mm shelf-support rails. The batts are ground on all surfaces for size and flatness.

But, you'll need to read the manufacturer's instructions as it might crack if it overheats in one place or if the heating rate is faster than 110°C per hour.

CoreLite is expensive, so we have an alternative high temperature ceramic-fibre board: a rectangular 1200mm x 1000mm sheet, 25mm or 50mm thick, which you can cut yourself with any saw: and use the offcuts for supports. It's a lot less expensive than CoreLite, so mail or call for details.

The kiln can accommodate the charcoal-filled stainless steel containers needed to fire some makes of bronze clay and copper clay, both described on this internet resource.

Although this kin is never described as a lost-wax burnout kiln, you can buy a lost-wax burnout tray. There are two parts: a stainless steel tray and a metal mesh that fits inside the tray. The melting wax drops into the tray instead of onto the floor of the kiln. The mesh can also be used for supporting beads, enamel work, and fused glass.

RECOMMENDED READING
General Help and FAQs For Kilns. Paragon Kiln Shelf Kit. Paragon Relay. Paragon Transformer.

Kilns, Digital Programmers, Kiln Furniture, Options, Upgrades, Firing, Kiln Logs, Accessories, Materials, Parts, Processes, Repairs, And Tools.

The remaining sections are about digital programmers, shelf kits, options, upgrades, firing, kiln logs, accessories, materials, parts, processes, repairs, and tools. Unless you're already successfully using a kiln, they're recommended reading.


Cherry Heaven has been a Paragon distributor since 2002, and commended every year for outstanding performance. Paragon kilns are good value: buy Paragons and you could save enough to treat yourself to a luxury five-star weekend break.

Anyone can buy a kiln to resell and call themselves a specialist, but a top-tier distributor understands all the kilns, options, and upgrades, will stock spares, offers free competent technical support, can help you repair your kiln, provides on-line repair videos, has a repair workshop, and can access Paragon's extensive knowledge-base.

If you need help, you can mail an experienced technician or call . Alternatively, to learn more about how your kiln works, use the help link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

THE PARAGON SENTRY XPRESS 3-KEY VERSION 4.0 AND VERSION 5.0 DIGITAL PROGRAMMERs
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer PCB. Orton-Paragon Sentry 2.0 Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Controller.

The Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 3-Key 4.0 and Sentry Xpress 3-Key 5.0 Digital Controllers.

Before February 2019, Paragon used three programmers: a Sentry Xpress 3-key 4.0 or a Sentry 12-key 2.0 developed by the Orton Ceramic Foundation and Paragon, or a touch-screen Sentinel SmartTouch programmer developed by Bartlett and Paragon.

In February 2019, two were modified, leading to the Sentry Xpress 3-key 5.0 and the Sentry 12-key 3.0. The modifications had little effect on the basic functionality so the 5.0 can be a direct replacement for the 4.0, and the 3.0 for the 2.0.

All three are made as ramp-hold, or cone-fire ramp-hold. Your kiln will have the appropriate programmer although, if it has a Sentry Xpress 5.0 ramp-hold, you can upgrade it to cone-fire ramp-hold. If the kiln's front panel is large enough, you can upgrade from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch.

Generally, programmers for annealing beads, enamelling, glass fusing, jewellery, knife-making, lampwork, and metal clays have one firing mode: ramp-hold. And programmers for ceramics, earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware have two firing modes: cone-fire and ramp-hold.


Unlike calculators, programmers aren't made 10 million at a time. Although they look like simple circuit boards, they include sophisticated feature-rich embedded software that has taken years to develop and refine.


The Paragon Sentry Xpress 3-key 5.0 programmer allows you to set up to twenty five ramp-hold firing sequences, each one with up to twenty heating, holding, or cooling segments. You can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use or over-write them.

It's easy to use: far easier than a central heating programmer. Here's a Cherry Heaven TV programme about setting a simple ramp-hold sequence on a 4.0 programmer. The ramp is the part where the temperature increases until it reaches the target temperature: the hold is the part where the temperature stays the same. UK-EU programmers will be in degrees Celsius.


Cherry Heaven TV provides on-line programmes on the Cherry Heaven TV Player. To use the player, click the controls or drag the time-line slider or volume slider to a new position.


00:00  00:00

The programmer runs a sequence that you have set, or one that's in its memory from a previous firing. A sequence usually has a mix of ramp and hold segments, for example: it could heat to 800°C at full speed then hold for 30 minutes. When the sequence ends, the programmer beeps, and the kiln cools in it's own time.

A ramp segment of a sequence can control the rate of heating or cooling, for example: the kiln could heat up at 200°C per hour from 200°C to 800°C, which would take three hours. Or, the kiln could cool down at 100°C per hour from 600°C to 200°C, which would take four hours.

The heating rate cannot exceed the rate at which the kiln would heat up if it was full on. The cooling rate cannot exceed the rate at which the kiln would cool if it was turned off. At full speed the elements are on all the time. During set ramps and holds they turn on and off repeatedly to maintain the heating rate, hold temperature, or cooling rate.

THE PARAGON SENTRY 12-KEY 2.0 AND SENTRY 12-KEY 3.0 DIGITAL PROGRAMMERS
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer PCB. Orton-Paragon Sentry 2.0 Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Controller.

The Orton-Paragon Sentry 12-Key 2.0 And Sentry 12-key 3.0 Digital Controllers.

Before February 2019, Paragon used three programmers: a Sentry Xpress 3-key 4.0 or a Sentry 12-key 2.0 developed by the Orton Ceramic Foundation and Paragon, or a touch-screen Sentinel SmartTouch programmer developed by Bartlett and Paragon.

In February 2019, two were modified, leading to the Sentry Xpress 3-key 5.0 and the Sentry 12-key 3.0. The modifications had little effect on the basic functionality so the 5.0 can be a direct replacement for the 4.0, and the 3.0 for the 2.0.

All three are made as ramp-hold, or cone-fire ramp-hold. Your kiln will have the appropriate programmer although, if it has a Sentry Xpress 5.0 ramp-hold, you can upgrade it to cone-fire ramp-hold. If the kiln's front panel is large enough, you can upgrade from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch.

Generally, programmers for annealing beads, enamelling, glass fusing, jewellery, knife-making, lampwork, and metal clays have one firing mode: ramp-hold. And programmers for ceramics, earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware have two firing modes: cone-fire and ramp-hold.


Unlike calculators, programmers aren't made 10 million at a time. Although they look like simple circuit boards, they include sophisticated feature-rich embedded software that has taken years to develop and refine.


The Paragon Sentry 12-Key 3.0 12-key digital programmer allows you to set up to thirty five ramp-hold firing sequences, each one with up to twenty heating, holding, or cooling segments. You can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them. It also offers advanced and time-saving features, including optional automatic control over an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

It's easy to use: far easier than a central heating programmer. Here's a Cherry Heaven TV programme about setting a simple ramp-hold sequence. The ramp is the part where the temperature increases until it reaches the target temperature: the hold is the part where the temperature stays the same. UK-EU programmers will be in degrees Celsius.


Cherry Heaven TV provides on-line programmes on the Cherry Heaven TV Player. To use the player, click the controls or drag the time-line slider or volume slider to a new position.


00:00  00:00

The programmer runs a sequence that you have set, or one that's in its memory from a previous firing. A sequence usually has a mix of ramp and hold segments, for example: it could heat to 800°C at full speed then hold for 30 minutes. When the sequence ends, the programmer beeps, and the kiln cools in it's own time.

A ramp segment of a sequence can control the rate of heating or cooling, for example: the kiln could heat up at 200°C per hour from 200°C to 800°C, which would take three hours. Or, the kiln could cool down at 100°C per hour from 600°C to 200°C, which would take four hours.

The heating rate cannot exceed the rate at which the kiln would heat up if it was full on. The cooling rate cannot exceed the rate at which the kiln would cool if it was turned off. At full speed the elements are on all the time. During set ramps and holds they turn on and off repeatedly to maintain the heating rate, hold temperature, or cooling rate.

THE PARAGON SENTINEL SMART-TOUCH DIGITAL PROGRAMMER
Bartlett-Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Programmer.

The Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch-Screen SmartTouch Digital Controller.

The Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch touch screen digital programmer allows you to set up firing sequences, each one with up to thirty two heating, holding, or cooling segments. You can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them. It also offers advanced and time-saving features, including optional automatic control over an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

It's easy to use: far easier than a central heating programmer. Here's a Cherry Heaven TV programme about using it. The ramp is the part where the temperature increases until it reaches the target temperature: the hold is the part where the temperature stays the same. UK-EU programmers will be in degrees Celsius.


Cherry Heaven TV provides on-line radio and television programmes on the Cherry Heaven TV Player. To use the player, click the controls or drag the time-line slider or volume slider to a new position.


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KILN FURNITURE: A GENERAL INTRODUCTION IMPORTANT
Paragon Kiln Shelf Kit. Paragon Rectangular Kiln Shelves. Paragon Round Kiln Shelves. Paragon Mixed Kiln Shelves.

Kiln Furniture: Rectangular, Round, Hexagonal, and Octagonal Shelves, And Posts.

Most kilns have a recommended furniture kit. Delivery companies have a low rate for parcels less than 30kg so, for smaller kilns weighing less than 30Kg, the kit is generally one shelf and four posts: included in the price because it fits in the box and doesn't add much to the overall weight.

You get a professional, durable, cordierite shelf with four 12mm high posts. You don't get a soft, ceramic-fibre shelf, often described as free, that will gradually break up and need replacing.

Shelf kits for rectangular or square kilns usually include four 25mm x 25mm x 12mm shelf posts, When flat, they're 12mm high: on their sides, they're 25mm. Other sizes, up to 150mm high, are available, so you can choose the shelf spacing that suits your kiln and your work. Shelves for cylindrical kilns usually have three posts.

The recommended kit is usually the simplest that works: not an expensive collection that I've put together for you. However, extra shelf kits allow you to stack your work, optimising your use of the firing chamber volume, the unit-cost of firing, and your time. And extra half-shelves or smaller shelves allow you to fire a mix of shorter and taller pieces.


For larger kilns weighing more than 30Kg, shelf kits are not included in the price because you'll probably want to choose your own mix of shelves, half-shelves, smaller shelves, and assorted-height posts.


One shelf should stay on the floor of the firing chamber all the time in case you accidentally spill or melt anything: solidified glass or metal is impossible to pick off without damaging the ceramic-fibre or firebrick.

Shelves are not meant to be an exact fit in the kiln. You need finger space all round and they mustn't scrape the kiln walls every time they're put in or taken out. Be careful lifting heavy shelves out of a top-opening kiln: if you drop them they will damage the firebricks.

Although they look tough, most ceramics break if they're dropped on a hard floor, so it's a good idea to have spare shelves, especially if your business depends on your kiln or you're running courses.


During firing sequences with heating, holding, and cooling segments, the elements turn on and off repeatedly. In a small kiln, with little residual heat, the inevitable temperature changes can make glass crack as it expands and contracts. A thick heavy shelf stores heat and, because it's resting on posts, the air circulates, helping to even out the normal temperature fluctuations.


If you're buying your first kiln, you're probably interested in one material, such as silver clay, or one process, such as enamelling. However, after a few successes, and failures, most people want to try different materials, make larger pieces, experiment with combinations, fire more at a time, and soon become interested in something else: or everything else. Some start a business or run classes.

You might want a full shelf, two half-shelves, several mixed shelves, a set of shelf posts, a bead-mandrel holder, glass separator, hot gloves, kiln wash, a knife-making rack, pyrometric cones, a tile holder, or other accessories.

Shelves are heavy, so kits ordered separately need a box and protective packing and attract an extra delivery charge. Outside the UK mainland, this might be expensive. So, if you think you'll need them, order them with your kiln, along with any other accessories, materials, parts, or tools.


For dichroics, enamelling, and glass fusing, put kiln paper on the shelf to stop the glass sticking: it's simpler and cleaner to use than glass separator. Bullseye Thinfire shelf paper, probably the most popular, ensures easy separation between your glass and the kiln shelf. One side feels slightly smoother than the other: that's the glass side.

Generally, glasswork needs radiant heat and will fuse, sag, or slump better on one shelf than between closely stacked shelves, although experienced glass artists often use several shelves successfully.

Delicate pieces can be fired on a puffed-up ceramic-fibre cloth: on a shelf. Round pieces, that could roll to one side, can be fired on a hollowed-out ceramic-fibre block. However, if the kin has elements in the bottom as with the Mini-Kiln and Prometheus Pro-7, a cloth or block will act as insulator and the kiln might overheat.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with ceramic-fibre blocks, ceramic cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

If you want to touch anything hot, or move your kiln before it's cooled off, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. And, if you want to look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV.


If your day-to-day work depends on your kiln and down-time will be disruptive or expensive, it's a good idea to have spares: extra shelves, a selection of posts, elements, a relay, and a thermocouple.

You can learn about ceramic blocks and cloths, charcoal, dust masks, glare-resistant glasses, glass separator, heat-resistant gloves, kiln vents, kiln wash, programmers, protective glasses, USB interfaces, shelf paper, tools, and other accessories, using the accessories link below the menu bar near the top of the front page. And they're all in the on-line shop.


Shelves are checked before despatch and are wrapped protectively. But they're not guaranteed and we cannot be responsible for any later damage.

OPTIONS AND UPGRADES: A GENERAL INTRODUCTION
Paragon Xpress E9A Jewellery Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer: Purple. Paragon Bead Door. Paragon Door Window. Paragon Solid State Relay.

Options And Upgrades.

It's important to learn about options and upgrades now as some have to be factory-fitted. The photo shows a Paragon Xpress E9A customised for a PMC silver clay studio: purple, with the maximum temperature set to 925°C so that students couldn't accidentally melt their silver.


An option is cosmetic or practical, such as a black respray, a right-hand door hinge, a peephole-vent, a bead-annealing door, a door or lid viewing window, or an EU plug.

An upgrade extends the standard specifications, such as a higher maximum temperature, a 3-key to a 12-key programmer, an electric kiln vent, a gas injection control system, an auxilliary power output, or a USB computer interface.

Not every option or upgrade applies to every kiln, so mail or call if you need help. However, if they're appropriate, they're listed in the on-line shop, so just add up the ones you want: but order them with your kiln as they're often difficult, expensive, or impossible, to implement afterwards. It might help if you make a few notes of your own as you read?


Kilns use regular single-phase 230V-240V mains so have 230V EU elements, not 120V US elements. The smaller kilns have UK 13A three-pin plugs: so they're ready to go. If you're not in the UK, use a plug adapter or cut off the UK plug and fit your own: it won't invalidate the guarantee. Alternatively, a special-order kiln can have a factory-fitted EU plug.

Most kilns can be re-engineered for 110V, 200V, 208V, or 220V, single phase or three phase, or 440V three phase. If you're interested, mail or call.


Although standard EU and US kilns have the same maximum temperature, set by the design and the programmer, some 1095°C firebrick kilns can be re-engineered to run at 1230°C, 1260°C, or 1290°C, making them versatile mixed-media kilns. However, to use 1290°C full-on hour after hour, choose an industrial or professional model.

Also, to maintain 1290°C, some upgraded kilns might need thicker firebricks, so they'll be slightly smaller inside: about 12mm on each side. Mail or call if you're interested, or need help deciding.

The UK factory-set maximum temperature is based on a reliable average voltage of 240V. If there's a regional, national, or temporary voltage drop, high-temperature kilns might take longer to reach their specified maximum or not reach it.


Some kilns are normally blue, but can be factory-painted berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, as they're made to order, they can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly the same as in the photo.

Changing the door hinge might be better if your kiln is in the corner of your studio or there's an obstacle that will make access difficult. Give this some thought.

Most of the medium-size top-opening kilns have a standard lift-up lid. Firebrick lids seem heavy to some people so, if you feel that a ceramic fibre lid, a hydraulic-assisted lid, or spring-assisted lid would be easier, mail or call.


If the kiln comes with a Sentry Xpress 3-Key ramp-hold programmer, you can upgrade to a Sentry Xpress 3-Key cone-fire ramp-hold programmer, usually preferred for ceramics. Cone-fire is implemented in the programmer's software and is very easy to use: just set a cone number and start the firing sequence.

Depending on the kiln, you can upgrade a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer to a Sentry 12-Key ten segment ramp-hold, or cone-fire ramp-hold, programmer, with advanced firing features and connection options. The 3-key has a 12-month guarantee and the 12-key has a 30-month guarantee.

A Sentry 12-key programmer can be connected to your computer through a factory-fitted USB interface. The Control Master software allows you to control and monitor the firing, and analyse, arrange, print out, and save the data. If you want this feature, make sure you order the USB interface in the on-line shop.


Depending on the kiln, the 12-key programmer has a power-ratio feature: you can adjust the heat balance between the top and sides in 10% steps and control the heat distribution over larger pieces.

Kilns which only heat from the top, as opposed to the top and sides, don't have the power-ratio feature. However, the initial cost-saving has to be offset against fewer firing options.


With larger kilns, serious glass artists are always concerned about firebrick dust from the lid falling onto their work, so you could upgrade the standard firebrick lid to a factory-fitted ceramic-fibre lid with the elements threaded through pinless grooves in the fibre: or, as a luxury upgrade, with the elements completely embedded in the fibre.


Most kilns come with an electro-mechanical long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple. However, if extra long-life and reliability are vital, you can upgrade to a mercury relay which has a lifetime of several million on-off cycles. The relay can switch 30A, so if you have a kiln that needs 50A, you'll need two relays.

If extra long-life and reliability are vital, especially at temperatures above 1100°C, you can upgrade to a long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple.


Some front-opening kilns are just too large and too heavy for a regular worktop, so Paragon makes a strong steel table, 768mm x 768mm x 718mm high, with two shelves for your accessories. The luxury version, with castors, is 63mm taller. If you decide to buy on old wood table, the rigidity of the legs is vital otherwise it will collapse like a parallelogram.


Some bronze and copper clays, and some metals, need to be fired in activated charcoal granules in a stainless steel container. The SC2 and SC3, the Caldera-A, and the Xpress E9A and E10A can hold a one-litre container: most other kilns can hold a three-litre but check the internal size before you buy the container. It's important that the container doesn't touch the thermocouple.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

If you want to touch anything hot or move your kiln before it's cooled off, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. And, if you want to look into a red-hot kiln, wear glare-resistant glasses which protect your eyes from IR and UV.


Paragon kilns, made in the US, have been re-engineered and comprehensively tested for the UK, the EU, and most other countries. They're CE Marked and comply with EU safety standards. They're guaranteed for a year, and Paragon has an international, informed, and supportive user-base, and spares and repair centres.

The UK-EU digital programmer shows degrees Celsius, not degrees Fahrenheit as in the US. If you need to convert, this is how to do it. However, if you want to work in Fahrenheit, you can make a simple change to the programmer.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, home checks, adjustments, and repairs are quick and easy, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver, and you can watch on-line videos. Alternatively, we can repair the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.

As with a lot of heavy consumer products made in the US but sold elsewhere, Paragon's guarantee covers replacement parts, not a return to the distributor or factory, and not any labour costs. However, as an example, replacing a programmer takes just a few minutes.

AN ELECTRIC KILN VENT
Orton-Paragon VentMaster: Unassembled. Vent Outlet. Auxilliary Power Socket.

The Orton-Paragon Vent Master Kiln Vent.

Refreshing the air in a kiln minimises surface blemishes when firing clays, ensures brighter colours when firing glasses, and prevents colour contamination when firing different glazes.

A factory-fitted Paragon-Orton Vent Master removes airborn pollutants straight away and redirects them to the outside through a flexi-pipe. The kilns can be factory-readied, so the vent just needs on-site assembly.

The vent motor isn't so powerful that the heat-up time and maximum temperature are reduced, but the cooling time is, depending on the size of the kiln.


The UK-EU vent motor is rated at 230V-240V 132W, so it can use a regular mains socket. The suction cup, in the second photo, and pipe are attached to the kiln but the motor can be remote: it doesn't get hot and the fan is easy to clean.

There's always a small gap, for expansion, around any kiln door or lid, so enough new air can be drawn in to replace the old air being drawn out. However, peepholes act as straight-through cold-air inlets: so you might not want them or block them with some ceramic cloth?

The vent can be turned on and off manually. Alternatively, if the kiln has a Sentry or a Sentinel programmer, the vent can be plugged into the kiln's auxilliary power outlet and controlled by the programmer. The power outlet, in the third photo, has to be fitted during manufacture, so decide before you order.


As with Paragon kilns, Orton Vent Masters can be re-engineered for any electrical system. They conform to the demanding 1992 Uniform Mechanical Code and the UL standard, and are CE Marked for the EU. They have a two year limited warranty.

A USB INTERFACE WITH WINDOWS SOFTWARE
Paragon USB Interface.

The Paragon USB Interface With Windows Software.

A factory-fitted USB interface provides a USB socket on the kiln that connects a Sentry or Sentinel programmer to a Windows computer. You can monitor the firing sequences, save them, and print out the results, making it easier to keep a record of firings: successful and unsuccessful. If you prefer, you can have an RS232 interface.


The Universal Serial Bus, USB, is a simple plug-and-play digital connection between a computer and most of it's peripherals, designed to replace all the old plugs, sockets, cables, and expansion interfaces. Up to 127 fast-access devices can be set up automatically and hot-swapped without turning the computer off.

Universal means it's an internationally agreed standard. A bus is the computer's two-way connection which carries data between the processor, the drive, the memory, and the peripherals. Serial means that data is sent one bit after another, as a data stream.
As an analogy, a road bus carries passengers between work, home, and the shops. And a tee-vee serial shows the episodes one after another, in the right sequence.

FIRING CHARACTERISTICS

How Electric Kilns Work.

Generally, as soon as a programmable kiln starts its firing sequence, it begins to heat up at a rate set by the programmer. It can't heat up quicker than it would do with the elements full on all the time.

The thermocouple tells the programmer the current internal temperature and, depending on the sequence you've chosen, the programmer turns the elements on or off to control the sequence segments: the heating rate, the target temperature, the hold time, and the cooling rate. It can't cool down quicker than it would do with the kiln turned off. When the sequence is complete, the kiln beeps, and the sequence stops.


For safety, the programmer doesn't switch the full mains voltage. Instead it drives a relay, an electro-mechanical switch. The programmer uses a low voltage to activate the switch which turns the high-voltage high-current elements on or off.


When the target temperature is reached, the programmer switches the elements off. However, residual heat in the firing chamber allows the internal temperature to overshoot the target temperature briefly before starting to fall back.

This overshoot is more evident at low temperatures than at high temperatures, and in small kilns rather than large kilns. For example: 300°C will probably overshoot to 350°C whereas 800°C will probably only overshoot to 805°C before starting to fall back.

However, our Sentry Xpress programmers have a software modification that slows down the heating just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.

During the hold-time, with the elements still off, the temperature starts to fall. When the programmer switches the elements back on, the firing chamber will initially absorb some of the new heat before the temperature recovers. The continual switching of the elements on and off causes the internal temperature to oscillate either side of the target temperature.

This is similar to central heating. If you set it for 21°C, it probably oscillates, quite slowly, around 20°C to 22°C: and you won't notice. The accuracy will depend on where the thermostat is sited, how quickly it responds, how accurate it is, how long it takes for the radiators to heat up, and if you have doors and windows open. The temperature will probably be different in each room.

So, regardless of the thermocouple temperature, the actual temperature of your work will be slightly different, depending on its position on the kiln shelf, the vertical spacing of any stacked shelves, and its nearness to the elements, a lid, a door, a bead door, or a window. Learn to take this into account if you're working with temperature-critical materials or processes.


Remember that glass needs radiant heat and will fuse, sag, or slump better on one shelf at the bottom than between closely stacked shelves.


Kiln doors and lids are not meant to be a perfect fit otherwise, at high temperatures, there'd be no room for expansion and movement, and the door could stick and the ceramic-fibre or firebricks could crack.

All kilns smell a bit, and even produce whisps of smoke, during the first firings, just like a toaster or a fan heater. If you're worried about fumes, open a window.

Eventually, with normal use, kilns discolour slightly, inside and outside, and some firebricks might develop hairline cracks. Your kiln is a versatile, robust, red-hot tool: not an ornament.

KEEPING A KILN LOG

Keeping A Kiln Log.

Using your kiln successfully needs critical research and frequent tests, especially as things that work for your friends and teachers might not work in the same way for you. It's also very important to learn how to creatively use unexpected effects. So, keep a firing log:


Buy a durable notebook. Use a new page for every firing, and draw diagrams of the shelves, their vertical spacing, and the position of your work on the shelves. Along with your work, put a few scraps at different places on the shelves to learn how things change. Describe the material, the shape of your work, the firing cycle, and the end result. Add a few photos and sketches, and mark the page corners with coloured dots or symbols as a quick reminder of your success rating.

A kiln log is vital if you're experimenting with temperature-sensitive materials or working with metals, coloured dichroic glasses, enamels, glazes, or china paints, and a skilled artist will use the kiln log to advantage to re-create effects. It'll be particularly useful if you have to repeat a commission, or you have a long holiday before returning to your studio.


Some Paragon kilns have a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel Touch Screen programmer which can be connected to your computer through a factory-fitted USB interface. The Control Master software allows you to control and monitor the firing, and analyse, arrange, save, and print out the data. If you want this feature, make sure you order the USB interface in the on-line shop.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO GLASS
Obsidian. Fish. Curved Glass by Infabbrica. Lauscha By Carrie Fertig.

What Is Glass?

The main component of glass is silicon dioxide, often called silica: found naturally and plentifully as sand. When it melts, at around 1700°C, it's like syrup on a cold day. When it cools, it forms a rigid brittle glass called quartz glass.

To lower the melting point, and reduce the cost of melting, chemicals are added: typically sodium carbonate and calcium oxide. Other chemicals, and different heating and cooling processes, produce a range of colours and mechanical properties.

Chemically, glass is defined as an amorphous solid but, as it's heated, it becomes softer allowing it to be blown, cast, coated, decorated, engraved, heat-treated, moulded, poured, pressed, sagged, and slumped.

A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a hard black-to-brown glassy type of stone, shown in the photo. Although it was used decoratively, when it fractures it has very sharp edges, many times sharper than a steel knife-edge, so was also used for tools and weapons, and the pitiful rituals of circumcision and female genital mutilation.

ANNEALING
Annealed Beads Made Into A Necklace.

What Is Annealing?

During annealing, fabrication stresses are relieved as the molecules cool and arrange themselves into a regular stable matrix. Successful annealing is the key to creating glasswork that will remain attractive and durable. It's quite a long process, so a kiln with an automatic comprehensive programmer is essential.

FREE BEAD ANNEALING GUIDE

Bead Annealing Guide.

You can download, and print, a Bead Annealing Guide. Paragon created it in 2013 so it's only a guide, not a contemporary definitive document. Click here. It's a pdf file, but your device should already have a pdf viewer.

DICHROIC GLASS
Dichroic Glass.

What Are Dichroic Glasses.

Dichroic glass has two different colours: a transmitted colour and a reflective colour, both of which change depending on the angle of view. For example blue-red will be blue in transmission and red in reflection.

During manufacture, quartz and metal oxides are vapourised onto the surface of the glass using a vacuum deposition process, forming a multi-layer crystal structure.

ENAMELLING
Enamelled Jewellery.

What Is Enamelling?

Enamelling involves applying a glass paste to metal and then heating it to fuse it to the surface. The finish of the enamel can be translucent or opaque depending on the temperature used to melt the glass. Higher temperatures result in a more transparent and durable enamel whilst lower temperatures give a more opaque and fragile surface. Dyes and pigments can be included to produce any colour.

The Paragon SC2 is ideal for enamelling, although other kilns are fine. So click the sc2-sc3:jewellery link below the menu bar near the top of the page. The SC-2W and SC-3W doors include a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the centre of the door, allowing you to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress

FIRE POLISHING
Fire Polished Glass.

What Is Fire Polishing?

To fire polish glass, return the items to the kiln and melt them just enough to give a smooth polished appearance. It needs a temperature of around 700°C, and is often used to round the edges of glass after fusing.

Fire polishing already-slumped items is more difficult because the polishing temperature is close to the slumping temperature and it can distort the appearance of the piece. So it generally works best for flat items, rather than slumped ones. It has the slight limitation that the part of the item that touches the kiln shelf won't polish.

FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Fused Glass.

What Is Glass Fusing?

If two or more pieces of glass in contact are heated, they begin to soften and fuse together. With careful heating and cooling, the separate pieces of glass become one.

If glass is put on a mould and heated, it begins to soften and collapse, or sag, onto the mould: a common technique for making bowls and plates.

Sagging and slumping are often thought of as being the same. Correctly: during sagging, heated glass, supported at its edges, sags down in the middle to conform to a mould; during slumping, heated glass, supported at its middle, slumps down at its edges to conform to a mould.

LAMPWORK AND BEADS
Beads.

What Is Lampwork?

Lamp-working is the traditional name for glasswork that uses a flame to melt glass rods and tubes. As the glass softens, it's shaped by turning and using tools.

Early lampworkers used an oil-lamp, and blew air into the flame through a pipe. Later, propane, natural gas, or butane torches replaced the lamp, although kilns are now increasingly popular, particularly for annealing.

Beads are usually made on steel rods, or mandrels. When the beads are finished, the rods are removed leaving holes for threading the beads. Cold working techniques can be used, such as etching, faceting, polishing, and sandblasting.

LOST-WAX BURNOUT
Paragon W13 Lost Wax Casting Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.

What Is Lost Wax Casting?

Lost-wax burnout starts with making a wax shape and then making a mould of the shape. When the mould is heated in a kiln, the wax melts out through channels, usually over a burnout grate and into a tray. The shape is then cast in glass or metal from the mould.

It's important to prevent wax or carbon sticking to the elements, so burnout kilns have a top vent to release the fumes. Carbon build-up inside a kiln conducts electricity and can cause the elements to short circuit.

Paragon make kilns designed for this: the W series. So click the w:lost-wax-burnout link under the menu bar near the top of the page. They all have top vents and optional wax trays.

PÂTE DE VERRE
Pâte De Verre.

What Is Pâte De Verre?

Pâte de verre involves making a glass paste, applying it to a mould, firing it, and removing the piece from the mould. The glass paste is usually made from glass powder, a binder such as gum arabic, distilled water, and colouring agents or enamels. It allows precise placing of colours in the mould, whereas other techniques often result in the glass straying from its intended position.

I think, currently, Daum is the only large commercial crystal manufacturer using the pâte de verre process for art glass and crystal sculptures.

SLUMPING BOTTLES
Slumped Bottle.

What Is Glass Slumping?

This a simple technique but it requires good ideas. A bottle, such as those used for wine, beer, cola, or champagne, is softened in a kiln so that it begins to flatten out or conforms to a mould. There are too many moulds to stock here but there are lots available on line. Or make your own from clay.

The bottles need to be clean and dry, with all paper labels and tops removed. Put them in your kiln on a shelf, either with shelf paper or kiln wash to prevent the glass sticking to the shelf.

Paragon makes a kiln designed for this: the Trio. So click the trio link below the menu bar near the top of the page. It's wide enough for most bottles but can still use a regular socket.

STAINED GLASS
Stained Glass.

What Is Stained Glass?

Stained glass is glass that has been coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture. The coloured glass is crafted into stained glass windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged to form patterns or pictures, traditionally held together by strips of lead and supported by a rigid frame. Painted details and yellow stain are often used to enhance the design.

The term stained glass is also applied to windows in which the colours have been painted onto the glass and then fused to the glass in a kiln.

It requires artistic skill to conceive an appropriate and workable design, and engineering skills to assemble the piece. A window must fit snugly into the space for which it is made, must resist wind and rain, and also, especially in the larger windows, must support its own weight. Many large windows have withstood the test of time and remained substantially intact since the Late Middle Ages.

TACK FUSING
Tack Fused Glass.

What Is Tack Fusing?

Tack fusing is the joining together of glass, with as little change to the shape of the pieces as possible. Tack fusing may be used either decoratively, or to assemble a large piece of glass from laminations.

Where tack fusing is used to apply small decorative details to a larger piece, you might want to partially melt the small pieces so that they change shape, usually becoming more spherical under the influence of surface tension, but without changing the shape of the carrier piece. This can be done by using an increased temperature, but only briefly. The carrier piece has a larger thermal mass, so heats up more slowly than the small decorations.

VITRIGRAPH WORK
Glass Stringers.

What Is Vitrigraph?

The vitrigraph process usually uses a kiln to make glass stringers. The bottom of the kiln is removed and set aside. The kiln body is put on a thick ceramic square with a central hole.

A crucible of glass is put inside, and the whole combination lifted well away from the floor to allow moulten glass to fall through a hole in the crucible and form long stringers. Ceramic squares are in the on-line shop.

Paragon make a kiln designed for this: the Caldera. So click the caldera:ceramics link below the menu bar near the top of the page. The bottom is a separate part and can be unclipped.

WARM GLASS
Warm Glass Flower Bowl.

What Is Warm Glass?

The term warm glass refers to fusing, slumping, and other glass processes which take place at temperatures between about 600°C to 925°C. Although that doesn't sound warm, it is when you compare it to glassblower's working temperatures, which often exceed 1100°C. Warm glass is sometimes called kiln-formed glass.

PARAGON KILNS UK DISTRIBUTOR
Paragon Fusion CS5630 Kiln With A Sentry Programmer For Annealing, Fusing, And Slumping Glass. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Touch-Screen Sentinel SmartTouch Controller.

Paragon Kilns, Furnaces, and Ovens For Annealing, Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Glass, Jewellery, Knife Making, Lost Wax, Silver Clays, Heat Treating, Lampwork, Porcelain, And Vitrigraph.

is a Cherry Heaven internet resource. Cherry Heaven is a top-tier international distributor for Texas-made Paragon kilns, furnaces, ovens, and accessories, and has been one of their top-selling partners from 2006 to : a pleasing outcome since the UK is only one third the area of Texas and one fortieth the area of the US.

As this is an on-line resource, there isn't a paper catalogue or a price list. However, you can mail or call a technician about kilns, power supplies, public area safety, a special project, business ideas, diagnostics, repairs, or reselling opportunities.


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UK To EU Plug Adapter.
Ceramic Block.
Ceramic Cloth.
EU Plug.
UK-EU Adapter.
Dry Powder Extinguisher.
Glare Resistant Glasses.
HEPA Mask.
heat-resistant Gloves.
Kitiki Cutters.
Kitiki Flush Cutters.
Kitiki Flat-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Pointed-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Bent-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Round-Nose Pliers.
Protective Glasses.
Potter & Brumfield Relay.
Dorset, SW England.
UK 13A Plug.
The AX-4 Digital Controller.
MiniKiln Closed.
Prometheus Pro-7.
Large Rubber Drum 950gm Open
Bartlett-Paragon Touch Screen Digital Controller.
Paragon BlueBird Bead Annealing Kiln.
Lauscha by Carrie Fertig.
Activated Charcoal Granules.
Paragon Caldera Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Caldera Bead Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14SB Glass And Bead Kiln.
Paragon Caldera XL Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon F500 Lampwork Kiln.
Paragon FireFly Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln.
Paragon GL18ADTSD Glass Kiln.
Paragon HT-14D Heat Treating Furnace.
Paragon Janus 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon KM18D Knife Making Oven.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Unassembled.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Suction Cup.
Paragon Pearl 18 Glass Kiln.
Paragon PMT21 Heat Treating Kiln.
Paragon Door Peephole And Vent.
Stainless Steel Pans.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2B Bead-Door Kiln.
Paragon SC2W Enamelling Kiln.
Paragon SC4 Glass Kiln.
Paragon SC2BW Jewellery And Bead Kiln.
Paragon SC2D Pro-3 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Shelf Kit.
Paragon SC-2 Jade Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.
Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch-Screen Controller.
Paragon SC-2 Pink Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Pro Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Turqoise Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Purple Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Navy Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Berry Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon ST-8 Kiln Table.
Paragon Kiln Table With Casters.
Paragon TNF 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon GL24 Kiln Table.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Top Row Of Bricks.
Paragon W Lost-Wax Casting Kiln.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray With Grille.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray With Grid.
USB Plug.
Paragon Xpress E-12 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-12B Bead Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Xpress Q-11 Ceramics Kiln.